The scientists, Alexander Kendl and Joseph Peer from the University of Innsbruck, analyzed electromagnetic pulses of repetitive lightning discharges and compared them to the magnetic fields used in clinical transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Their results suggest the variable magnetic fields produced by lightning are in the same order of magnitude and frequency as those applied in TMS that stimulate hallucinations, such as balls of light known as cranial phosphenes. They postulate that balls of light known as ball lightning, which are occasionally reported during thunder and lightning storms, could often be hallucinations arising from lightning electromagnetic pulses affecting the brains of close observers.Ball lightning was first reported in St. Petersburg in Russia in 1754 by a Dr. Richmann, who was attempting to copy Benjamin Franklin’s kite-lightning experiment, and who was instantly killed by the lightning. It is rarely seen and photographic evidence is almost nonexistent. There are dozens of theories of how ball lightning could form, including the burning of hot silicon particles produced when a lightning strike vaporizes the ground.TMS is a non-invasive method of stimulating areas of the brain, and is used in psychiatric treatments and in studying the brain. It is known that when the visual cortex is stimulated by pulsed magnetic fields in TMS, patients will sometimes see hallucinations of luminous shapes in their visual field. With the stimulation coils attached to the head, the visions can occur with single or repeated pulses at frequencies of around 1-50 Hz. The cortical phosphenes appear as bubbles, lines, ovals or patches of either white or a variety of colors. When the stimulation coil is moved, the phosphenes also appear to move. Rare but natural long (1-2 seconds) repetitive lightning strikes produce electromagnetic pulses, which the researchers thought might produce currents within the brain in the same order of magnitude in terms of duration, strength and frequency as in TMS in observers 20-100 meters away from the lightning strike. They calculated the time-varying electromagnetic fields of various types of lightning strikes for observers at various distances from the strike.The calculations showed that only lightning strikes consisting of multiple return strokes at the same point over a period of seconds could produce a magnetic field long enough to cause cortical phosphenes. This type would account for around 1-5% of lightning strikes, but very few of these would be seen by an observer 20 to 100 m away, and of those the researchers estimate seeing the light for seconds would occur only in about one percent of unharmed observers. The observer does not need to be outside, but could be inside an aircraft or building. Kendl and Peer also said an observer would be most likely to classify the experience as ball lightning because of preconceptions. Citation: Ball lightning may sometimes be explained as hallucinations (2010, May 13) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-05-ball-lightning-hallucinations.html A New Kind Of Lightning Discovered Electric field transcranially induced at various observation points (from bottom to top: 20 – 100m distance from strike point) by the time derivative of the lightning magnetic field during the decline phase of an average negative cloud-to-ground subsequent return stroke. Phosphene perception can be expected for induced fields above 20 V/m. Long duration repetitive stimulation of phosphenes up to seconds can be caused by higher multiplicity strokes. See arXiv:1005.1153v1 paper for details. (PhysOrg.com) — Physicists in Austria have calculated the magnetic fields associated with certain types of lightning strikes are powerful enough to create hallucinations of hovering balls of light in nearby observers, and that these visions would be interpreted as ball lightning. © 2010 PhysOrg.com Explore further More information: J. Peer, A. Kendl: Transcranial stimulability of phosphenes by long lightning electromagnetic pulses, arXiv:1005.1153v1 [physics.med-ph] arxiv.org/abs/1005.1153 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Bright bills in mallards helps duck semen fight bacteria (2011, April 15) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-04-bright-bills-mallards-duck-semen.html More information: Sexual ornamentation reflects antibacterial activity of ejaculates in mallards, Biol. Lett. Published online before print April 13, 2011, doi:10.1098/rsbl.2011.0276 Too much sperm may kill the queen Dr Melissah Rowe of the University of Oslo collected semen samples from 11 captive mallard ducks with bills of varying degrees of brightness to test them for antibacterial properties. She reasoned that since human sperm can be damaged by bacteria, this might be an issue in ducks as well, and protections for sperm might have evolved.Collecting semen samples from mallard ducks is not a simple matter, since the penis is corkscrew shaped and withdrawn into the body until the male is aroused. The researchers injected lymphatic fluid into the penis and massaged the cloaca area to persuade the penis to emerge and ejaculate semen for collection.Tests of the samples revealed that they inhibited the growth of bacteria, but this effect was more pronounced in the males with the most colorful bills, at least for one type of bacteria, Escherichia coli. In selecting males with the most colorful bills, females are therefore selecting semen that is less likely to carry E. coli bacteria. The semen was also able to kill Staphylococcus aureus bacteria, but there was no association with bill color. The experiments are the first to demonstrate antibacterial properties of semen in birds.It has previously been shown that sperm of the most colorful males is of higher quality and speed. Dr Rowe said that in preferring males with more colorful bills females were gaining some fitness benefit, or the trait would not have evolved. Sexually selected traits have been shown by other researchers to be associated with sperm quality, overall health, and with parenting ability.In the paper, published in Biology Letters, Dr Rowe cautioned that the effect of E. coli on duck sperm is not yet known, but it is known to have a detrimental effect on human sperm in its quality and viability. It is also not known whether an E. coli infection can be sexually transmitted in ducks. The next stage of the research is to identify the semen component that gives it its antibacterial properties. (PhysOrg.com) — The male Mallard duck (Anas platyrhynchos) is known for its colorful neck and a bill that ranges in color from dull green to bright yellow, depending on the amount of carotenoid pigment it contains. Females favor the males with the most colorful bills, and now new research in Norway has shown that these males produce semen with better antibacterial properties. © 2010 PhysOrg.com Mallard duck (Anas platyrhynchos)
Two years ago, Japanese researchers Kei Kurotobi and Yasujiro Murata figured out a way to imbed a water molecule in a 60-atom fullerene (buckeyball)—they slit it open, inserted a single water molecule, then sealed it back up again, effectively trapping the water molecule inside—they called it H2O@C60. In this new effort, the researchers created a computer simulation which they claim shows what would happen if such a molecule were placed inside a nanotube and subjected to an electrical charge. Their efforts show, they say, that it would cause the fullerene (and water molecule) to move, in this case through a channel.David Lindley, in an article for the American Physical Society site Physics, says that the simulation the two researchers created takes into account all of the known properties of H2O@C60 and notes that the simulation treats the molecule as a single entity.After embedding the water molecule inside the fullerene, the researchers simulated putting the new structure inside of a carbon nanotube, essentially creating a channel to allow for movement of the fullerene along with its water molecule cargo. They then applied an electrical charge parallel to the nanotube. Doing so, the researchers found, caused the fullerene to move within the channel (and the water molecule inside to spin), carrying its cargo with it. Normally, applying an electrical charge to water molecules does not cause them to move (because they are neutrally charged)—instead a thermal driven motion known as libration occurs.In the simulation however, embedding a water molecule in a fullerene allows it to be driven through a channel using electric current, opening up the possibility of creating fullerenes that carry other chemicals through nanotubes—a process that could prove useful for applications such as delivering therapeutic drugs to ailing body parts, for example.Interestingly, the researchers found that if the charge was increased to 0.065 volts per angstrom, the direction of movement in the channel was reversed, though they can’t explain why. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (Phys.org) —Researchers Baoxing Xu and Xi Chen, working at Columbia University, have created a computer simulation that shows it’s possible to manipulate the movement of a 60-atom fullerene, with a water molecule trapped inside of it, using an electrical charge. They describe their simulation and results in their paper published in Physical Review Letters. A water molecule bestows electric polarity on the fullerene sphere that surrounds it, allowing the structure to be guided by an electric field, even though it remains electrically neutral. Credit: Physics Focus / F. L. Bowles/Univ. of California, Davis Scientists build world’s smallest ‘water bottle’ Explore further © 2013 Phys.org Citation: Simulation shows it’s possible to move H2O@C60 using electrical charge (2013, April 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-04-simulation-h2oc60-electrical.html More information: Electrical-Driven Transport of Endohedral Fullerene Encapsulating a Single Water Molecule, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 156103 (2013) prl.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v110/i15/e156103AbstractEncapsulating a single water molecule inside an endohedral fullerene provides an opportunity for manipulating the H2O@C60 through the encapsulated polar H2O molecule. Using molecular dynamic simulations, we propose a strategy of electrical-driven transport of H2O@C60 inside a channel, underpinned by the unique behavior of a water molecule free from a hydrogen-bonding environment. When an external electrical field is applied along the channel’s axial direction, steady-state transport of H2O@C60 can be reached. The transport direction and rate depend on the applied electrical intensity as well as the polar orientation of the encapsulated H2O molecule. Journal information: Physical Review Letters
(Phys.org) —The cytoskeletal proteins of eukaryotes polymerize into self-organized patterns even as pure solutions. However, to see more complex dynamics, like filament sliding or rotation, various motor proteins and cofactors usually need to be added to the solution. The ancestral bacterial proteins of actin and tubulin, namely FtsA and FtsZ, play a key role in bacterial cell division through the formation of a cytoskeletal structure known as the “Z” ring. Researchers Martin Loose and Tim Mitchison have studied these bacterial proteins in solution, along with bits of reconstituted membrane, and found that they support complex dynamics in the absence of any motor proteins. In their recent paper in Nature Cell Biology, they describe how these behaviors can spontaneously emerge. Cytoskeletal Ring Formation. Credit: labs.cellbio.duke.edu More information: The bacterial cell division proteins FtsA and FtsZ self-organize into dynamic cytoskeletal patterns, Nature Cell Biology (2013) DOI: 10.1038/ncb2885AbstractBacterial cytokinesis is commonly initiated by the Z-ring, a cytoskeletal structure that assembles at the site of division. Its primary component is FtsZ, a tubulin superfamily GTPase, which is recruited to the membrane by the actin-related protein FtsA. Both proteins are required for the formation of the Z-ring, but if and how they influence each other’s assembly dynamics is not known. Here, we reconstituted FtsA-dependent recruitment of FtsZ polymers to supported membranes, where both proteins self-organize into complex patterns, such as fast-moving filament bundles and chirally rotating rings. Using fluorescence microscopy and biochemical perturbations, we found that these large-scale rearrangements of FtsZ emerge from its polymerization dynamics and a dual, antagonistic role of FtsA: recruitment of FtsZ filaments to the membrane and negative regulation of FtsZ organization. Our findings provide a model for the initial steps of bacterial cell division and illustrate how dynamic polymers can self-organize into large-scale structures. Citation: The dynamic cytoskeleton in bacterial cell division (2013, December 10) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-12-dynamic-cytoskeleton-bacterial-cell-division.html Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. The researchers studied a lipid bilayer preparation in which FtsA protein was readily attached through a special helix found at its carboxy terminus. When GTP was added, they found that the FtsZ was recruited to the membrane region, and was rapidly polymerized. After a critical density was reached, motile streams were seen moving in a single predominate direction, with complex rotating vortices found between them. The structures would persist for tens of minutes and rotated at speed of up to 11 degrees per second. While their system did not have all the components normally found in bacterial cells, the researchers noted that the vortices were reminiscent of the helical patterns seen during Z-ring assembly in E.coli and Bacillus subtilis. The formation of the patterns required the addition of ATP. The researchers found that no ATPase activity was present, and subsitution with ADP worked just as well. On the other hand, GTP was found to be hydrolyzed in the process, and only static filament bundles were formed when it was prevented.The researchers observed that the swirls had a preferred directionality. They explained this chirality as a result of polar molecules attaching to a single face of the bilayer, combined with the effects of bundling and treadmilling in curved FtsZ filaments. They also note that the attachment of enzymes to the Z-ring could occur in a spatially organized fashion with the predominate force for inward growth in cell division arising from bond formation during cell wall biosynthesis.The larger question of asymmetry in cells often escapes everyday notice. Neurons, in particular, are highly polarized with the axon defining a principle direction. Yet very little in terms of neuronal function has been ascribed to any particular handedness. As mentioned previously, one issue which might be further explored in this vein would be orientation specific effects felt beyond the immediate cell, like the direction of glial wrapping, for example. Other possible effects like rotation of free microtubules as a result of the directed transport of various cargo have scarcely been studied, but could have interesting implications for the organization of cells. Simulation, like one recent model exploring the role of the GTP cap region in microtubule dynamics, will be an important compliment to these kinds of in-vitro experiments. The study of the intrinsic pattern formation capability of more primitive cytoskeletal proteins will lead to greater understanding of the functions of their diverse, and uniquely optimized descendants found today in eukaryotic cells. Journal information: Nature Cell Biology Scientists deconstruct process of bacterial division © 2013 Phys.org
Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (Phys.org)—The Earth’s oceanic system isn’t just the big, blue puddle of water that globes suggest; its waters are stirred by a vast system called thermohaline circulation, a process driven by varying water densities, heat, and the interactions of freshwater and salt water. Thermohaline circulation moves energy and matter around the globe and drives the planet’s climate, but it also responds to changing climate conditions. For example, one such oceanic conveyor is the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC-IV), which drives warm water poleward from the equator, cooling toward the North, and sinking as it becomes more dense at high latitudes. This cold, dense water then empties into ocean basins before upwelling in in the Antarctic.Its interdecadal variability, measured by the oscillation of its period and amplitude, modulates climate changes worldwide. However, it’s unclear how global warming affects AMOC-IV, and an international collaborative of researchers has now investigated the effects of climate change on AMOC-IV amplitude and time scale.The researchers conducted an analysis of 19 experiments from five models of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 simulations; each experiment had one preindustrial control simulation and four future warming scenarios. Under all future global warming scenarios, AMOC transport is reduced by 5 percent to 48 percent, depending on the scenario. “In response to future global warming, AMOC-IV shows a robust change, with its major period shortened and its amplitude reduced,” the authors write.They note that the reduced amplitude of AMOC is consistent with other modeling studies. The mechanism of its changes under global warming remains unclear, however, due to the challenging complexities and interactions of global oceanic circulation. As one candidate for such a mechanism, they cite baroclinic Rossby waves. These are huge, slow waves in the troposphere generated by temperature differences of the oceans and continents. “With global warming, oceanic stratification is projected to be enhanced over the globe owing to a weaker warming with depth, and the stratification enhancement is more robust in a stronger warming scenario,” they write. “A stronger stratification should lead to faster baroclinic Rossby waves and, potentially, a shorter period of AMOC-IV.”Even continental regions situated far from the coasts are strongly influenced by ocean currents. Since most of the sun’s radiation is absorbed by the ocean, the movement of this energy in the Gulf Stream and other currents serves to modulate weather; through evaporation, heat from the ocean is exchanged with the air. A failure of the conveyance of heat away from warm regions and toward cooler regions stands to throw the climate further out of balance. Thus, research into climate change-related disruptions of oceanic conveyors is important as CO2 and methane contribute to atmospheric heat retention.The authors conclude, “Our study suggests that AMOC-IV may be significantly weakened in amplitude and shortened in period under future global warming, and that these responses could be caused by strengthened ocean stratification and, in turn, the speedup of baroclinic Rossby waves.” This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Could ‘The Day After Tomorrow’ happen? Explore further More information: Reduced interdecadal variability of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation under global warming. PNAS 2016 ; published ahead of print March 7, 2016, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1519827113AbstractInterdecadal variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC-IV) plays an important role in climate variation and has significant societal impacts. Past climate reconstruction indicates that AMOC-IV has likely undergone significant changes. Despite some previous studies, responses of AMOC-IV to global warming remain unclear, in particular regarding its amplitude and time scale. In this study, we analyze the responses of AMOC-IV under various scenarios of future global warming in multiple models and find that AMOC-IV becomes weaker and shorter with enhanced global warming. From the present climate condition to the strongest future warming scenario, on average, the major period of AMOC-IV is shortened from ∼50 y to ∼20 y, and the amplitude is reduced by ∼60%. These reductions in period and amplitude of AMOC-IV are suggested to be associated with increased oceanic stratification under global warming and, in turn, the speedup of oceanic baroclinic Rossby waves. © 2016 Phys.org Citation: Variability of major oceanic currents driven by climate change (2016, March 17) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-03-variability-major-oceanic-currents-driven.html Topographic map of the Nordic Seas and subpolar basins with schematic circulation of surface currents (solid curves) and deep currents (dashed curves) that form a portion of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Colors of curves indicate approximate temperatures. Credit: R. Curry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution/Science/USGCRP.
Journal information: Astronomy & Astrophysics © 2019 Science X Network Explore further Schematic representation of the environment towards IRS 67 where three main regions are distinguished. Cold regions traced by DCO+, the disc structure proven by CO isotopologues and S-bearing species, and a PDR associated with the surface layers of the disc, traced by CN, DCN, and carbon-chain molecules. The outflow direction is taken from Bontemps et al. (1996). Credit: Villarmois et al., 2019. Protoplanetary discs represent an important stage in the formation of planets. Astronomers believe that the final composition of planets depends on the chemical process taking place within the disc. Therefore, studies of the initial phase of disc formation could be crucial in improving knowledge of the formation and evolution of planetesimals, planets and other objects.However, such studies are very challenging due to fact that the innermost regions of protoplanetary discs are embedded within large amount of gas and dust. In order to shed more light on the physical structure of these regions, chemical surveys of deeply embedded sources are required.Oph-IRS 67 (IRS 67 for short) is a protobinary system located some 493 light years away in the Ophiuchus star-forming region and part of the L1689 cloud. The two sources in the system are separated by about 90 AU from each other. Previous observations of IRS 67 have shown that it contains a Class I circumbinary disc with an extent of approximately 620 AU. In general, Class I discs represent the bridge between deeply embedded Class 0 sources and the emergence of planet-forming discs, known as Class II sources.However, the researchers found that IRS 67 showcases a particular rich chemistry and bright emission of the c-C3H2 molecule, which is atypical for Class I sources. This unusual chemical composition motivated a trio of astronomers from University of Copenhagen, Denmark, led by Elizabeth Artur de la Villarmois, to investigate this disc in detail.”The purpose of this paper is to explore the structure of a line-rich Class I protobinary source, Oph-IRS 67, and analyze the differences and similarities with Class 0 and Class II sources,” the astronomers wrote.Observations conducted using the SMA instrument allowed the team to detect a range of molecular transitions that trace different physics, such as carbon monoxide (CO) isotopologues, sulphur-bearing species, deuterated species, and carbon-chain molecules.The researchers grouped the detected transitions into three main components: cold regions far from the system, the circumbinary disc, and a ultraviolet-irradiated region likely associated with the surface layers of the disc. “The detected molecular transitions are tracing three main regions: cold regions beyond the circumbinary disc extent, the circumbinary disc, and a PDR [photon-dominated region] likely related with the surface layers of the disc. DCO+ is tracing the cold regions, while the CO isotopologues and the sulphur-bearing species are probing the disc structure,” the paper reads.Moreover, the study found that the continuum emission in IRS 67 is consistent with previous studies, which suggests that dust grains in the disc have grown to larger sizes than the interstellar medium dust particles, or that the dust is optically thick. Summing up the results, the researchers concluded that IRS 67 exhibits chemical similarities with Class 0 sources, while photon-dominated region tracers, such as cyanide (CN), are associated with Class II discs. “IRS 67 is, therefore, a chemical link between these two stages,” the scientists wrote. Citation: Observations unveil chemical structure of the protoplanetary disk Oph-IRS 67 (2019, June 10) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-06-unveil-chemical-protoplanetary-disk-oph-irs.html Double star system flips planet-forming disk into pole position Using the Submillimeter Array (SMA), astronomers have conducted a molecular line study of the protoplanetary disk Oph-IRS 67, uncovering essential information about its chemical structure. Results of this study were presented in a paper published June 3 on the arXiv pre-print server. More information: E. Artur de la Villarmois et al. Revealing the chemical structure of the Class I disc Oph-IRS 67, Astronomy & Astrophysics (2019). DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201935575 Revealing the chemical structure of the Class I disc Oph-IRS 67, arXiv:1906.00685v1 [astro-ph.SR]. arxiv.org/abs/1906.00685v1 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
It’s easy to see how someone with low levels ofconscientiousness or extraversion might struggle in the workplace. An employeewho can’t stay organized might lose track of important papers or miss acritical meeting, while those who prefer solitude can struggle to make theprofessional connections needed to advance in their careers. Currently, Carter is investigating the relationship betweenextroversion and prosocial behavior in different workplace contexts, as well ashow highly dutiful employees who are reluctant to “job-hop” may pay an economicpenalty. Of all of the Big 5 traits, the potential negative impactsof scoring very high in neuroticism – a trait characterized by emotionalinstability, anxiety, and depression — are perhaps the most self-evident. Thepotential drawbacks of being incredibly emotionally stable, on the other hand,have not been so thoroughly investigated, the authors note. It’s possible, theyadd, that a lessened ability to feel anxiety could be similarly maladaptive tothe inability to feel physical pain, and may even contribute to thefearlessness of some psychopathic individuals. And there is evidences that other Big 5 personality traits showthis curvilinear relationship, as well, Carter said. The trusting, altruisticnatures of highly agreeable people have been found to correlate with lowersalary and reduced opportunities for mentorship, for example, while incrediblyoutgoing individuals may feel isolated or aggravate their colleagues in lesssocially-oriented industries. Although openness has been shown to supportcreative achievement and relationship building, it can contribute to difficultydistinguishing between fantasy and reality at extreme levels. Aristotle himself argued that all human qualities can be tooextreme in both directions, Carter notes, and that virtues such as temperanceand courage exist not at the highest levels of abstinence and bravery, but atthe mean. “What leads to success may not always be the best thing ingeneral for the person,” he says. But people who tend to score higher than average on the “Big5” personality traits – openness, conscientiousness, extraversion,agreeableness, and neuroticism — can face hurdles of their own too, writeNathan T. Carter, a professor of industrial-organizational psychology at theUniversity of Georgia, and colleagues in CurrentDirections in Psychological Science. Reference The ideal point model of measurement, on the other hand,permits participants to indicate not only whether they disagree with astatement, but that they disagree because they perceive themselves to possessmore or less of a trait than the statement allows for. It’s possible that thedominance model of measurement has created a sort of false ceiling forpersonality scores, Carter adds, because researchers haven’t been using itemsthat allow them to measure extremely high levels of these traits. On a typical five-factor model (FFM) personality test, forexample, a participant who disagrees with the statement “I am usually on timefor my appointments” would be assumed to usually be late for their appointments. Someone extremely high inconscientiousness, however, might disagree with the statement because they are always on time for appointments. Studies have already suggested a link between trait conscientiousnessand obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD), but Carter’s researchsuggests that having very high levels of this widely valued trait can also createissues specific to the workplace. After collecting data on personality traitsand job performance from 1,258 employees working at an international consultingfirm through self-reports and and supervisor ratings, Carter and colleaguesfound higher conscientiousness was, in fact, positively linked with performance– except among those who scored highest for the trait, who actually performedworse than their peers. Personality traits are thought of as existing on continuawith maladaptive levels at both ends, he continues, but the dominance model ofmeasurement, which supports the view that more of a given trait is alwaysbetter, prevents researchers from accounting for the full spectrum of behavior. Carter, N. T., Dalal, D. K., Boyce, A. S., Oconnell, M. S.,Kung, M., & Delgado, K. M. (2014). Uncovering curvilinear relationshipsbetween conscientiousness and job performance: How theoretically appropriatemeasurement makes an empirical difference. Journalof Applied Psychology, 99(4), 564-586. doi:10.1037/a0034688 Just because an extreme personality benefits someoneprofessionally doesn’t mean that it isn’t maladaptive in other areas of life,however, Carter noted. Carter, N. T., Miller, Joshua D., Widiger, Thomas A. (2018).Extreme personalities in work and in life. CurrentDirections in Psychological Science, 27(6), 429-436. Doi:10.1177/0963721418793134 That’s not to say that extreme personalities are always bad,but they do seem to be highly dependent on context for success. Otherwiseextreme levels of conscientiousness may be desirable in an air trafficcontroller who is responsible for helping pilots navigate safely, for example.Carter’s ongoing study on agreeableness has also suggested that results canvary between individuals of different groups, with highly agreeable womentending to be better compensated than highly agreeable men. “Psychologists have generally operated under the assumptionthat for all traits, more is better,” the authors wrote. “It is possible thatpersons with moderate levels of [five-factor model] traits will see better workand life outcomes — across a variety of jobs and situations — than those at theextremes.” “I think it is really intuitive,” Carter says. “There werephilosophers that really thought very hard about these types of things and someof the ways that we were measuring and operationalizing took us away fromthat.”
The series of mesmerizing pieces is going to be exhibited from 24 March till 30 March at the Atrium lobby, Taj Palace Hotel.Being a doctor by profession, Singhal’s love for nature inspired her to delve deep into the mysteries of the element and appreciate their finer nuances. She has taken great pleasure in painstakingly converting these connection into expressive colourful strokes and varying textures on the canvas, resulting in ‘magical’ series. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Singhal says, ‘There is a special way that Nature speaks to us. The wind hums, and the ocean dances for us. Even the different hues of green of the foliage, or the fiery reds of fire seem to communicate in a language of their own. It is just that most of the time we are not sensitive enough to lend a patient ear to their story or understand their emotion. Also the elements in a way are representative of the different stages of a human life.’ She added, ‘Childhood may be considered a period of growth(earth and water), youth, a period full of energy and creativity(fire), and old age with its characteristic withering(space and air). The endeavour has also been to characterize the colors into these moulds of human existence.’It would be right to say that all five elements i.e. earth, water, fire, air and space deeply inspire her. And that is how her present collection has come about. Now many colourful experimentations later, she feels buoyant with optimism, and impassioned enough to color the whole world.When: 24 – 30 MarchWhere: Atrium lobby, Taj Palace Hotel
The four-day photography exhibition Portraits Talk by Aman Chotani showcased a new perspective to learning and art imitating life. Chotani has captured some of his most beautiful pictures in
Kolkata: The Majerhat bridge caving-in incident cropped up at the meeting held at Nabanna on Thursdayover preparations for Gangasagar Mela as it is one ofthe crucial routes that pilgrims take to reach the transitpoints in South 24-Parganas through Diamond Harbour Road.With the caving-in, the concerned officials have started pondering as to how exactly around 20 lakh pilgrims would reach the place from Kolkata. Gangasagar Mela takes place in January every year in the Sagar Island. But the planning begins from September onwards and Chief Secretary Malay De held a preparatory meeting in this regard at Nabanna on Thursday. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeSenior officials from concerned departments including Public Health Engineering, Health, Public Works Department, Transport department, top brass of South 24-Parganas district administration, Kolkata Police personnel and BSNL authorities were present during the meeting.Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee will also hold a meeting later to review the preparations and to ensure that pilgrims from all over the country do not face any inconvenience.Sources said the alternate roads including one through Garden Reach flyover have come up as the routes through which vehicles of pilgrims will pass by in the absence of the Majerhat flyover. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killed”Though it is not known yet whether the Majerhat bridge will be reconstructed or not, preliminary discussions were held on Thursday on the basis of the present situation,” said an official adding that the Kolkata Police officers have also come up with their suggestions in this connection.Sources added that there were also discussionson the issues related to the dredging in Muriganga River which is quite essential for smooth operation of vessels to transit pilgrims. The state Irrigation department has assured that all steps would be taken for proper dredging.The state government also needs to make arrangements for buses and vessels.Additional buses are also sent to Sagar Island normally in which pilgrims travel from transit points to the venue.
The presence of added sugar in dairy products has always led the health conscious consumers to avoid them.But a team of Danish researchers has made it possible to manipulate the metabolic properties of yogurt-producing bacteria to sweeten the yogurt naturally, while reducing sugar in the final product. Also, using microbiological methods the researchers have almost eliminated lactose, so that those with lactose intolerance can enjoy the yogurt. “The goal was to engineer the yogurt bacteria not to consume glucose, a fermentation product that is a particularly sweet form of sugar,” said Eric Johansen, one of the researchers who is associate vice president at Chr. Hansen Holding A/S – a global bioscience company in Denmark. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The findings are detailed in the journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology. The team engineered the bacteria not to consume glucose, a particularly sweet product of yogurt’s fermentation.Yogurt contains live cultures of bacteria known as streptococcus thermophiles and the bulgaricus sub-species of Lactobacillus delbrueckii.When grown in milk, these two strains normally break down the lactose into two sugar components glucose and galactose, which is less sweet than glucose.Then, the bacterium consumes the glucose and makes more galactose. The microbial tweak eliminates lactose, so those intolerant to the milk sugar can eat the yogurt. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with Netflix“We wanted to change them so that they would eat the galactose and spit out the glucose,” said Johansen.The yogurt in the newly modified bacteria make has almost no lactose, very little galactose, and is high in glucose. This natural sugar makes it sweet, and when the yogurt was presented to a taste panel with varying amounts of sucrose added, the team found that they could maintain the panel’s desired sweetness with 20 per cent less added sucrose than usual.“We reasoned that since glucose is considerably sweeter than lactose or galactose, bacteria that release glucose into the product could allow for a reduction in added sugar while maintaining the desired sweetness in the yogurt,” Johansen concluded.
Kolkata: The state Fisheries department will organise the three-day ‘Bengal Fish Fest 2019′ at Nalban Food Park in Salt Lake Sector V from Friday to Sunday (January 11 to 13), with the aim of propagating the activities of the state government in this area and at the same time, address the current issues pertaining to aquaculture, fish feed and exports in the fishery and seafood sector.The festival will host stalls and exhibitions put up by stakeholders from the fisheries sector for promotion of modern technologies, different varieties of fish feed, ornamental fish etc. A large number of food stalls will also be set up by reputed food chains/brands to titillate the tastebuds of fish loving Bengalis with exotic fish delicacies. Indian Chamber of Commerce is the event partner. Also Read – 3 injured, flight, train services hit as rains lash BengalState Fisheries minister Chandranath Sinha said: “We have been able to increase the production of big fishes in the state by 40 percent. We have instructed state Fisheries Development Corporation to take necessary steps to increase fish cultivation in ponds throughout the state.” It may be mentioned that with its vast resource of more than 4.27 lakh hectares of impounded water bodies (including 3.35 lakh hectares of inland and 0.92 lakh hectares of brackish water area), Bengal has a tremendous potential in the fisheries sector, which is almost unrivalled in India. Bengal ranks second in fish and first in fish seed production in the country. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killed”This sector has tremendous export potential and during the last 7 years, export figures have grown significantly from 61,709 metric tonnes (Rs 1,734 crore) in 2011-12 to 1,05,318 metric tonnes (Rs 4,910 crore) in 2017-18,” a senior official of the state Fisheries department said. A special Investors’ Meet will also be organised during the festival to explore the scope of export promotion and investment potential, as well as the possibility of promoting the fish market within and outside Bengal.
Kolkata: Nabadiganta Industrial Township Authority (NDITA) organised a meeting-cum-workshop on solid waste management audit in Salt Lake Sector V on Thursday.Apart from senior officials of the industrial township authority, including its chairman Debashis Sen, representatives of various IT companies attended the meeting. The industrial township authority has proposed to segregate waste at source in Salt Lake Sector V. Wet waste include food waste, vegetable, fruit and fish scale, bones from meat and chicken, egg shells and flowers while dry waste include paper and cardboard waste, plastic waste, rubber and wood, glass, compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) lamp, LED lights and CD, foil, thermocol and used medicine Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata Bosestrips. The firms will have to keep two waste bins and urge people to dispose of the waste in respective bins. Nabadiganta Industrial Township Authority will collect wet waste from the offices in Sector V regularly while the dry waste will be collected on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. Dry waste will be stored in AQ block. It was decided that solid waste management audit in big establishments would be held in June to find out whether these organisations follow solid waste management rules. The establishments will be ranked and the zero waste achievers will be awarded with certificates. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataThe state Urban Development department has taken a decision to implement segregation of garbage at source throughout the state. In some municipalities the new method of collecting garbage has started. The civic bodies are giving two bins to each household where the residents are supposed to put the garbage in the proper bin. The wet waste is cleaned every day while the dry waste is cleared thrice a week. The representatives from WIPRO claimed that they had zero waste in their office. The representatives of another firm said they had zero waste in their Bangalore office and they would implement the same in Sector V soon. It may be mentioned that the Kolkata Municipal Corporation will soon start segregation of garbage at source as a part of the clean city drive. The New Town Kolkata Development Authority has introduced segregation of garbage at source in New Town to make it a green and clean city. The development authority had recently held a workshop for local residents to create awareness about the scheme.
A large group gathered on outside of Memorial Stadium in Lincoln on Sunday to hold a vigil in remembrance of Foltz.#Huskers leading crowd of several hundred in singing of hymn “How Great is Our God” at Sam Foltz memorial pic.twitter.com/e5x9v6qpEi— Riley Johnson (@LJSRileyJohnson) July 24, 2016 A long shadow will loom over the Big Ten’s Media Day on Monday following the deaths of Sam Foltz and former Michigan State Punter Michael Sadler, who were tragically killed in a car accident late Saturday night.According to the Lincoln Journal Star, citing reports from the Waukesha, Wisconsin PD, Foltz was riding as a passenger in the Mercedes driven by Sadler as they returned from a high school kicking camp in Wisconsin where they were instructors when the accident occurred.Sadler apparently lost control of the vehicle during a heavy rainstorm and ran off the road, striking a tree. Both Sadler and Foltz were pronounced dead at the scene. A third passenger in the vehicle, LSU Senior kicker Colby Delahoussaye, only sustained minor injuries from the accident.LSU PK Colby Delahoussaye suffered minor injuries in car accident that tragically took the lives of Sam Foltz and Mike Sadler Saturday night— LSU Football (@LSUfootball) July 24, 2016 Advertisement It’s a sad day for Nebraska, and a sad day for college football as those affected come to grips with the senseless tragedy.
If you go to Thailand, watch out for snakes. Pretty good advice anywhere, actually.A security video from an internet cafe showed one poor guy, casually lezving the establishment after checking some e-mails. As he opens the door he gets jumped by huge aggressive snake that will forever haunt his dreams.The terrified patron runs back inside the cafe, before crashing into another guy and falling on the floor in a heap. We would all do the same thing, no shame in that game.You kind of feel bad laughing at the guy. Well, not really, it’s hilarious:h/t For the Win
Chris Christie is currently as unpopular as any governor in modern American political history. His recent PR disaster of being photographed on a beach with his family while the New Jersey public beaches has driven hasn’t helped him climb out of the low double digits.With his days as governor numbered, Christie seems to be eyeing a future as a sports radio host with WFAN in New York. Christie did a guest host audition today, and it didn’t take long for the insults to start flying.Mike in Montclair called in to give the Gov a piece of his mind, including lecturing him on his beach outing and calling him a “fat ass.”Christie retorted by calling Mike a “communist in Montclair” and a bum. This interview goes from zero to dumpster fire in about one second. Tremendous.Mike in Montclair calls @GovChristie a fat-ass and a bully. Christie calls Mike in Montclair a bum and a communist. And… we’re off! #WFAN pic.twitter.com/HUcLMRZPVz— Sports Funhouse (@SportsFunhouse) July 10, 2017Via SportsFunhouse
Ohio State and Michigan will renew the most storied rivalry in college football this Saturday in Ann Arbor, and anyone with even passing knowledge of the history between the two legendary football schools knows the hate is most definitely real.In 2013, when the then #3 Buckeyes were walking out to the Michigan Stadium field, the hyped up Wolverines unexpectedly burst out of their locker room and immediately started looking for a fight after spotting that team from Ohio.Incredibly, no punches were thrown, and it’s probably a good thing because this might have exploded into Wrestlemania in seconds. This video is incredible and almost perfectly represents the intensity and passion of The Game.The Buckeyes did win this one in a 42-41 thriller, so there’s that.The near fight between Michigan and OSU before 2013’s game is the best piece of camera work in the 21st century pic.twitter.com/oIPKWQbEJc— Angry Sports Bro Jack (@JackMacCFB) November 21, 2017
Also:– Colin’s Top 10 Super Bowl LIII Players– Patriots are most vulnerable this year– The Rams are the NFL’s glamour franchise– New Orleans pity party continuesGuests:Greg Olsen – Carolina Panthers Tight End; Russell Wilson – Seattle Seahawks Quarterback; Chris Broussard – FS1 NBA Analyst; Pelicans in the “bitterness” phase of the Davis divorceThe Pelicans haven’t been taking the Anthony Davis trade demand very well. They’ve refused to take calls from the Lakers about a potential deal, are threatening to sit him for the rest of the season if he stays with the team, and reportedly aren’t taking calls from the Lakers about a potential deal.Colin compares the phases of a star demanding a trade to the phases of a divorce, and right now the Pelicans are in the bitterness phase. They would be better served by getting over it and moving to acceptance, so they can get on with their life.
Free Webinar | Sept 5: Tips and Tools for Making Progress Toward Important Goals 3 min read The delectable ascent of Candy Crush Saga to the top of the app charts has just been sweetened by yet another conquest.After the game’s developer, King, filed a trademark claim for the word “candy” with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office last February, it has walked away victorious.The ruling gives King rights to the word in the domain of software products, educational services and — somewhat tellingly — clothing. And Apple is enforcing the decision by blasting emails to developers whose apps include the term, asking them to either rename or remove their games from the App Store.But in a market littered with emerging developers whose names often piggyback on buzzwords of the moment, makers are balking at the claim to a word as commonplace as “candy.””Myself and other indie developers don’t have the money or resources to fight back,” Benny Hsu, the developer of an app entitled All Candy Casino Slots — Jewel Craze Connect: Big Blast Mania Land, told Gamezebo. “I plan on changing the name if that is what I must do.”Related: The Keys to Candy Crush’s SuccessKing responded somewhat judiciously, however, that it was not seeking widespread prosecution. “Our IP is constantly being infringed and we have to enforce our rights and to protect our players from confusion,” the company said in a statement. “We don’t enforce against all uses of ‘candy’ — some are legitimate and of course, we would not ask App developers who use the term legitimately to stop doing so.”This isn’t the first time that an app developer has sought legal action to claim its name. Last August, Words with Friends-maker Zynga filed suit against a racy hookup app called Bang with Friends, forcing it to change its name to Down. Zynga holds a trademark for the phrase, “with friends.”In any case, there seems to be no stopping Candy Crush’s all-out dominance in the social gaming sphere, where the addictive program is reportedly Apple’s top grossing app and reaps almost $1 million in daily revenue.Last November, exactly a year after its debut, King announced that the game had been downloaded by 500 million users across Facebook and on mobile devices, with over 150 billion individual games played in total.Related: When Business Names Confuse Consumers: The Basics of Trademark Law Register Now » Attend this free webinar and learn how you can maximize efficiency while getting the most critical things done right. January 21, 2014