‘The Winds of Winter’ release date might come as a surprise to the fansReutersThere was a time when fans simply couldn’t control their excitement after seeing a brand new episode of HBO’s Game of Thrones. The previous episodes from earlier seasons were full of shocking moments, some amazing twists, unpredictable endings, and brilliant writing. Everything, however, changed when the highly acclaimed fantasy drama started airing its season 8.Game of Thrones season 8 is heavily criticized by fans from all around the world. Fans are not happy how the creators have changed Daenerys Targaryen’s story arc and in just one episode made her the Mad Queen. Fans are even disappointed by the creators over not working on the prophecies of Azor Ahai and never fully using Bran Stark’s three-eyed-raven powers.Fans from around the world had high expectations with this show but somehow, everyone is wondering what went wrong with this ongoing season. The creators had a brilliant budget and had the best crew in the world. To produce six episodes, the team took around two years and fans were expecting to see something amazing but it failed to achieve all those hypes.That being said, there is one person who can still fix everything — George RR Martin. Sansa Stark in Game of Thrones season 8Game of Thrones (@gameofthrones/Instagram)The characters of HBO’s Game of Thrones are adapted from George RR Martin’s highly praised book series. The author is surprisingly quiet on Twitter ever since season 8 episode 1 premiered on HBO. The author had mixed feelings about the direction of his stories. As earlier mentioned, he stated that he thinks there should be more seasons to wrap up the story of all these characters. In addition to this, in a recent interview, he somehow implied to have a creative difference between himself and Game of Thrones’ showrunners DB Weiss and David Benioff.So, how George RR Martin can still save Game of Thrones? Well, the author is yet to finish the last two novels in this saga and can actually change the narrative in the best way possible. It is up to him how he is going to bring an end to Night King and how he can present the final facedown between Cersei Lannister and Daenerys Targaryen.George RR Martin must be aware of all the criticism the show is facing at this moment and he will be doing everything in his power to avoid these mistakes.That being said, George RR Martin’s last Game of Thrones book, A Dance With Dragons was released back in 2011 and the content helped till season five. Martin’s next book in the series, The Winds of Winter and A Dream of Spring has no publishing dates. Fans may have to wait another couple of years to read these stories and accepting a good conclusion to their favourite characters.
A view of Arrahma Mosque where a shooting incident occured, in this still image from video, in Avignon. ReutersEight people including a girl were lightly wounded late Sunday in a shooting in front of a mosque in the southeast French city of Avignon, the prosecutor’s office said, ruling out terrorism.According to initial accounts taken on the spot, at least two men got out of a car around 10:30 pm near the mosque and opened fire, including with a shotgun, the prosecutor’s office said.None of the wounded had life-threatening injuries, it said.”From what we know this evening, the mosque was not targeted. The fact that it happened in the street of the religious establishment was unconnected with it,” the prosecutor said, ruling out terrorism.Witness accounts mentioned four men in the car, all hooded.The criminal investigation department has taken charge of the case.The shooting comes a few days after a man on Thursday attempted to drive his car into worshippers outside the Creteil mosque in southeast Paris.The driver, a 43-year-old Armenian who suffered from schizophrenia, hit barriers and pillars outside the mosque with his 4×4 without causing any injuries before crashing into a traffic island.According to a source close to the investigation, the suspect had made “confused remarks in relation” to a string of jihadist attacks that have struck France, killing 239 people since 2015.Following a van attack against worshippers leaving Finsbury Park Mosque in London on June 19 which left one dead and 11 injured, France’s Muslim community has also felt threatened.Some Muslim officials have described the Paris incident as an attack and called on the authorities to “strengthen protection of places of worship”.The Paris police commissioner reiterated his orders for vigilance in protecting Muslim places of worship.
Two years ago, Japanese researchers Kei Kurotobi and Yasujiro Murata figured out a way to imbed a water molecule in a 60-atom fullerene (buckeyball)—they slit it open, inserted a single water molecule, then sealed it back up again, effectively trapping the water molecule inside—they called it H2O@C60. In this new effort, the researchers created a computer simulation which they claim shows what would happen if such a molecule were placed inside a nanotube and subjected to an electrical charge. Their efforts show, they say, that it would cause the fullerene (and water molecule) to move, in this case through a channel.David Lindley, in an article for the American Physical Society site Physics, says that the simulation the two researchers created takes into account all of the known properties of H2O@C60 and notes that the simulation treats the molecule as a single entity.After embedding the water molecule inside the fullerene, the researchers simulated putting the new structure inside of a carbon nanotube, essentially creating a channel to allow for movement of the fullerene along with its water molecule cargo. They then applied an electrical charge parallel to the nanotube. Doing so, the researchers found, caused the fullerene to move within the channel (and the water molecule inside to spin), carrying its cargo with it. Normally, applying an electrical charge to water molecules does not cause them to move (because they are neutrally charged)—instead a thermal driven motion known as libration occurs.In the simulation however, embedding a water molecule in a fullerene allows it to be driven through a channel using electric current, opening up the possibility of creating fullerenes that carry other chemicals through nanotubes—a process that could prove useful for applications such as delivering therapeutic drugs to ailing body parts, for example.Interestingly, the researchers found that if the charge was increased to 0.065 volts per angstrom, the direction of movement in the channel was reversed, though they can’t explain why. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (Phys.org) —Researchers Baoxing Xu and Xi Chen, working at Columbia University, have created a computer simulation that shows it’s possible to manipulate the movement of a 60-atom fullerene, with a water molecule trapped inside of it, using an electrical charge. They describe their simulation and results in their paper published in Physical Review Letters. A water molecule bestows electric polarity on the fullerene sphere that surrounds it, allowing the structure to be guided by an electric field, even though it remains electrically neutral. Credit: Physics Focus / F. L. Bowles/Univ. of California, Davis Scientists build world’s smallest ‘water bottle’ Explore further © 2013 Phys.org Citation: Simulation shows it’s possible to move H2O@C60 using electrical charge (2013, April 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-04-simulation-h2oc60-electrical.html More information: Electrical-Driven Transport of Endohedral Fullerene Encapsulating a Single Water Molecule, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 156103 (2013) prl.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v110/i15/e156103AbstractEncapsulating a single water molecule inside an endohedral fullerene provides an opportunity for manipulating the H2O@C60 through the encapsulated polar H2O molecule. Using molecular dynamic simulations, we propose a strategy of electrical-driven transport of H2O@C60 inside a channel, underpinned by the unique behavior of a water molecule free from a hydrogen-bonding environment. When an external electrical field is applied along the channel’s axial direction, steady-state transport of H2O@C60 can be reached. The transport direction and rate depend on the applied electrical intensity as well as the polar orientation of the encapsulated H2O molecule. Journal information: Physical Review Letters