Notre Dame law professor John Finnis posed the question, “Who Said, ‘Blessed are the Poor’?” in a lecture Friday at the Notre Dame Center for Ethics and Culture’s 15th Annual Fall Conference entitled “Your Light Will Rise in the Darkness: Responding to the Cry of the Poor.”Finnis said the answer to the lecture’s titular question can be found by exploring the differences between the Gospels of Luke and Matthew.“The firm answer [to the question, who said, “Blessed are the Poor?”] is given by the Gospel [of] Luke,” Finnis said.Finnis said Jesus clearly that addresses not only the poor, but also his disciples, when he compares the destitute and hungry to the rich.“What [Jesus] promised the poor was not social justice,” Finnis said. “What he was — and is — holding out is the short hope of a place of Kingdom of God — not now, but as a great reward in heaven.”Finnis said “blessed are the poor” with “blessed are the poor in spirit” are found in distinct accounts of the gospels.“The Gospel according to Matthew describes similar blessings in the Beatitudes,” he said. “Notice in his account that the poverty in the third and fourth Beatitudes are spiritual. Do not care for riches. Lay up your treasures in heaven. You cannot serve two masters in God and wealth.”Luke cautions readers of his gospel about the vices wealth may spawn.“In the context of warning, [Luke] cautioned against avarice,” Finnis said. “… The poor in Luke’s straightforward sense is what the poor in spirit are to experience, that is the good news of the gospel — there is a treasure in heaven.“So, did Jesus say, blessed are the ‘poor’ or ‘poor in spirit?’ The two evangelists are reporting the same sermon. Both contain —in the same order — love your enemies, judge not others, but it seems clear one account is not derived from the other and they’re not from the same source. Two different reports on one sermon.”Finnis cited theologian John Chapman and said, “There is no reason to doubt that Jesus on inaugural sermon said both.”“While Luke’s Beatitudes may represent the fiery, original words, Matthew spiritualized them, making them applicable to the spiritual needs of others,” Finnis said. “Gospels are not eyewitness testimonies all the time, but each evangelist has arranged the accounts to address the spiritual needs of the community they are a part of.“One can forge a good argument from discontinuity for the core Beatitudes — in spirit can represent the Beatitudes in the communities. As for the other Beatitudes, they are parallel to the form and function of the work of Jesus.“Those Beatitudes may be referred to be authentic.”Tags: beatitudes, blessed are the poor, blessed are the poor in spirit, Gospel, Luke, Matthew, poor, poor in spirit
Kayaking is an ancient form of transportation, dating back over 4,000 years. Indigenous peoples of the Artic are credited for the first kayaks, mainly using them for hunting on open rivers, lakes, and coastal waters, and for transportation during times of travel and migration. And now kayak fishing is gaining popularity in the South East.Kayak fishing has recently exploded in the sport fishing world. They are relatively inexpensive (compared to drift and motor boats), low maintenance, and can easily be stored and transported. They provide a stealthy way to sneak up on fish and can easily access hard to reach habitats.Kayak Fishing with a fly rod is no different than beginning any other hobby. It can be overwhelming with all the options available and can be frustrating at first, but like all things, practice makes perfect. Take your fly fishing game to the next level with these 5 quick tips on where and how to begin in the world of kayak fishing.1. Boat Selection is key. Kayaks come in all shapes, sizes and colors. You need to analyze where you fish the majority of the time, and what is important to you when you’re out on the water. Ask yourself, what fish do you want to catch and where do they live?Do you paddle on open waterways where tracking and speed make life easier? Maybe you’re out chasing reds in the coastal regions or taking on bigger lakes in search of striped bass. Look for a longer kayak with tracking ability that will allow you to cover more ground quickly and with less effort.2. What is life without accessories right?Here are a few key accessories that you need to have for successful kayak fishing.PFD – Find a PFD (Personal Floatation Device/Lifejacket) that fits you and is comfortable. Now wear it. It can SAVE YOUR LIFE. Make sure it works with the seating of your kayak, so you can stay comfortable during long outings. Pick one that will also act as a fishing vest. Keep your essential fishing tools easily accessible.Paddle & Paddle Leash- Again, endless options out there. Know the width of your boat, your height and arm span. Pick a paddle that is the right length for you. You need to get the most of each stroke. Picking the wrong paddle will only make you work harder on the water. Save your energy to get more casts in. Have some way of connecting your paddle with your boat at all times. Nothing would suck more than being stuck off-shore (or up the creek) without a paddle.Rod holders- Several fishing kayaks now come with top of the line rod holders. Test a few out to see which ones you like best. Move them around to different places on your kayak and experiment to find a setup that works for you. Two I recommend are Scotty Rod Holders and Mounts and Ram Mounts Rod & Accessory HoldersCooler – You need to have a cooler, and it needs to fit on your boat. If you have a sit-on pick a good collapsible cooler that can fit in your dry storage or behind your seat. The Yeti Hopper is a great example. For sit-on-tops most kayaks have a large deck in the front or back of your boat that a cooler will fit on. The Orion Coolers by Jackson Kayak provide a great seat and/or standing platform on several of their fishing kayaks. With 4 tie down points, you can easily strap it down to your kayak.Once you pick out your accessories and have your ideal set-up, test it out. Find out how to rig everything for a successful day of kayak fishing. Distribute the weight as evenly as possible. It will help you with stability. Plan on a capsize. Make sure everything is secured to the boat before heading out. Again, practice your cast after you have your set-up figured out. Know where your line will go and where everything is located so you can access it quickly.3. Plan to get wet, try to stay dry.Wear the right clothing.Quick drying and self-wicking apparel can make a big difference on the water. If you’re in the sun, pick clothing with SPF capabilities. In colder environments, focus on keeping your extremities warm. Elements can be more severe on the water. Plan on quick weather changes. Be prepared and check your forecast, tide schedules, and/or river flows & releases before getting on the water.It’s all in your HEAD! Keep your head centered in the kayak. Most fishing kayaks are designed to be as stable as possible within their design. But if your center of balance goes too far one way or the other, so will the boat. Keeping your head centered will drastically reduce your chances of capsizing. Again, practice your cast, sitting and standing, so you can find your balance. Lean over the edge only when you need to, and lean with your body keeping your head as close to the center of the boat as you can.4. Casting from your kayak. Where you are fishing will determine the cast you use the most. Big open water allows for more overhand cast, whereas tight streams require more roll and side arm cast. Practice your cast before heading out. It will feel a bit different from your kayak at first. Naturally, the less body movement and body weight shifting the better. Casting with your rod and line closer to the water can be difficult. Maintain a firm wrist when casting and put more emphasis on an abrupt stop no further than the 2:00 position. It is easier to drop your rod and cause line slap out of a kayak. Keeping a firm wrist and paying attention to your stop points can help you avoid spooking fish. Always pay attention to your line. Line management is key, and remember to anchor up before casting and secure your paddle before grabbing your rod.5. Landing a Fish.If you’re standing when you set the hook, most anglers will try to ease their way to a sitting position while playing the fish. Stabilize yourself. Keep your line tight and rod above head. (Head centered in kayak) This will allow you to maneuver the fish and avoid obstacles such as anchors. Use your seat and foot pegs for balance. Fish grips are a popular way to handle fish on a kayak, but many keep a net ready. Your preference.Many local outfitters have demo and rental kayaks. Take advantage of this. Rent a few different styles of kayaks/SUPS to see which one fits you best. A good test drive before committing to buy is always recommended![divider]About the Author[/divider] Jessica Whitmire is the Operations and Marketing Director for Headwaters Outfitters, a Fly Fishing and Paddle Sports Outfitter located in Rosman, North Carolina on the banks of the French Broad River. Headwaters was voted Best Fly Fishing Outfitters in 2016 by Blue Ridge Outdoors readers.
Taking a computer-based exam (UTBK) is one of three ways high school graduates can earn one of the limited number of places offered at state universities in Indonesia, which has been trying to increase its university participation rate from the current 30.29 percent. The exams will be held in two batches, from July 5 to 14 and from July 20 to 29 at 74 test centers in cities across the country, including in the COVID-19 epicenters of Surabaya in East Java and Jakarta, with rooms at universities and schools being used as test venues.The Institution of University Entrance Exams (LTMPT), formed in 2019 to oversee the exams, requires body temperature checks on site and has advised test-takers to wear masks, face shields and gloves. It also reduced the number of participants in each room and the number of sessions to just two from four a day.But some local administrations and universities are now requiring test-takers to also undergo a rapid antibody test before sitting the entrance exam.LTMPT issued a circular on July 5, the first day of the exams, stating that those would had recorded “reactive” rapid test results – indicating virus exposure – or those with a temperature above 37.5 degrees Celsius would be required to take the more conclusive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test on their own before proceeding with the entrance exam. If the PCR result comes back negative, they may reschedule their UTBK test to the second batch of exams, but if positive, they will not be allowed to take the test at all. Topics : Read also: Computer-based university entrance test to be held in two phases during pandemicLTMPT head Mohammad Nasih, who is also the rector of Airlangga University in Surabaya, said those with a fever or who tested positive for COVID-19 should “focus on their health first”. Only once they recovery could they reschedule their exams “if there is still time”.He pointed to the Surabaya administration and the University of Halu Oleo in Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi, as examples of entities that had made “nonreactive” rapid test results or negative PCR tests results a requirement to sit the exam.Other universities, such as Soedirman University and Sebelas Maret University (UNS) in Central Java, another province hit hard by the outbreak, have instituted a similar requirement, but only for test-takers traveling from other regions.One high school graduate from Ngawi, East Java, could not take the UNS admission tests on Sunday after failing to present evidence of a rapid test result, rector Jamal Wiwoho said, as reported by tribunnews.com.Surabaya, Indonesia’s second-largest city that accounts for half of East Java’s COVID-19 cases and deaths, drew criticism for announcing the new requirement only three days before the first batch of exams started, prompting test-takers to swarm testing facilities in the city.A petition on change.org urging Surabaya to conduct free rapid tests for UTBK test-takers made the rounds on social media, citing that “the prices for rapid and swab tests are very expensive” and that “the decision was issued so suddenly that test-takers scheduled for the UBTK’s first batch were confused”. At least 9,927 people had signed the petition as of Tuesday.”It is too sudden. I was hoping they’d provide free tests. I paid Rp 200,000 [US$13.9] for mine [rapid antibody test], which is already discounted from the normal price of Rp 400,000 for UTBK test-takers,” said 18-year-old test-taker Firmansyah Putra Pratama from Surabaya. “The prices vary, some places charge more than Rp 300,000.”The Surabaya administration said it would offer provide free rapid tests at community health centers for test-takers from low-income families, while some universities are providing the tests, with some test kits coming from the East Java administration.Indonesia, which has one of the lowest testing rates in the world, is currently prioritizing its free PCR tests for people with symptoms or who have been in contact with confirmed cases. But even now some have to wait a week or more for their test results as labs are not evenly distributed across the archipelago.Those seeking to undergo swabs tests on their own accord face prices that range into the millions of rupiah.Health Ministry director general for health services Bambang Wibowo told a hearing with lawmakers in June that PCR tests were indeed “quite pricey” and that government facilities might spend up to Rp 1.2 million per PCR test and that the prices charged by private facilities could be higher.The more commonly found rapid antibody tests are cheaper in comparison, and also give faster results, but experts have warned that such tests produce inconclusive results and, therefore, should not be used for diagnosis.Read also: Hundreds of thousands of rapid test kits imported from Netherlands made in China: ReportEpidemiologist Windhu Purnomo from Airlangga University said the test requirement was “confusing” and demonstrated a “misguided” understanding of the function of rapid tests. He said the tests could be used for COVID-19 surveillance and mass screening, but not to terminate transmission chains, let alone for making decisions on whether test-takers could sit the exams.”Rapid tests cannot be carried out just once,” he said. “It cannot be assumed that nonreactive results mean someone is free of the virus and cannot transmit the virus; they might have it but their antibodies have not yet formed. And those with reactive results may not actually have an active infection but still are required to go home, isolate and reschedule.” After graduating from high school, an achievement she could only celebrate with her friends via TikTok, 18-year-old Daariin Ariij Nabiila Mumtaz had to sit the highly competitive annual state university entrance test (SBMPTN), wearing a mask and a face shield for protection.Prior to entering the test venue on Sunday, she had to undergo a body temperature check, wash her hands at least twice and clean her desk and computer with disinfectant wipes.As Indonesia scrambles to contain the COVID-19 outbreak, some 703,875 test-takers are trying to keep themselves together in order to earn a place in one of the country’s state universities, all while following strict health protocols that one expert has criticized as “misguided”.