In order to commemorate its centennial, Dan Lindley, associate professor of political science, spoke about the First World War in the Annenberg Auditorium on Wednesday. Lindley’s discussion of World War I, started off a five-part lecture series, hosted by the Nanovic Institute for European Studies.“The question is what’s changed from then to now,” Lindley said. “Who cares about World War One anymore? It’s very important in history; it was known as ‘The Great War,’ [and] ‘The War to End All Wars.’ Unfortunately, that did not turn out to be the case.”Beginning with the very start of the war in 1914, Lindley reviewed the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary and the effect of tight alliances and all-or-nothing mobilization on the war’s frontier.“Nationalism is another factor here … it’s taken to hyper-nationalism with strong doses of social Darwinism,” he said. “The idea that nations have to fight each other to show their worth … Would we have a war if we thought fighting was good?”Lindley described the conflict as being of a scale and scope simply unimaginable in contemporary times.The first day of the war is a good example, as the British army lost the equivalent of one percent of their country’s total population, he said.“Imagine if in one battle, we lost 3 million people,” he said. “It’s unfathomable. At Verdun, [the French and Germans] started that battle with 37 million artillery shells … [it’s] rather unbelievable.”Lindley also compared the damage done by World War I’s artillery campaigns to the impact of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, showing pictures and describing how they leveled cities to a very similar degree.“We talk about the human cost, but there’s a permanent cost to the beauty which is Europe, and the lovely history that was there,” he said.Lindley introduced a tool of his own creation, the ‘Lindley War Prediction Table,’ which is available on his website. He said the table features a variety of categories to diagnose relations between two nations and the chances of a conflict arising. Such groupings include rapidly shifting power, scapegoating and ethnic brethren abroad.Midway through the lecture, Lindley played a three-minute snippet of Stanley Kubrick’s 1957 film Paths of Glory, an anti-war piece set in the trenches of the Western Front. This was part of an effort to emphasize the brutality of the combat and its Sisyphean nature with days spent fighting over feet of terrain, he said.Dan Graff, the director of undergraduate studies in the department of history, said the lecture series exemplifies the intellectual life of Notre Dame, one where faculty are personally connecting with students in an intimate way. Moreover, he said he stresses the inter-disciplinary nature of the series, which is highlighted by the history department as an “Exploring History” event.The next lecture of the five-part series will be delivered by Dr. Tait Keller of Rhodes College at 4.30 p.m. on Wednesday, October 8th. The lecture, along with the following three lectures, will take place in the Annenberg Auditorium of the Snite Museum of Art.Tags: dan lindley, Nanovic Institute, WWI, WWI centennial
GREATER urgency is needed to address the recommendations of the Cricket Review Panel, Prime Minister of St Vincent and the Grenadines, Dr Ralph Gonsalves told reporters yesterday.Speaking with the media briefly at the conclusion of the opening ceremony of the 28th Inter-sessional Meeting of the Heads of Government of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Conference, being held at the Marriott Hotel, Dr Gonsalves said the two-day meeting of Heads of Government of CARICOM will see the matter discussed further.“These are matters that have been litigated in India, and certain conclusions have been arrived at and we have to address this with greater urgency, and I am hoping that sometime during this meeting we can get some further discussion on this, because we talk about it a lot,” he said.The CARICOM panel was appointed by the Prime Ministerial Committee on the Governance of West Indies Cricket in the wake of the crisis that engulfed the board after the BCCI suspended bilateral ties and slapped $41.97M as damages following West Indies’ decision to pull out midway their India tour in 2014.The major recommendation arising from the report was the “immediate dissolution of the West Indies Cricket Board (WICB) and the appointment of an Interim Board whose structure and composition will be radically different from the now proven, obsolete governance framework.”The panel also recommended the appointment of a change management expert to run the affairs of cricket in the Region until the new governance structure could be implemented.The Cricket Review Panel, which was chaired by UWI Cave Hill Campus principal, Professor Eudine Barriteau, also recommended the resignation of the entire Board membership, contending that the “the standards of corporate, collective accountability” demanded such.In November 2015, the Panel termed the board’s governance structure “antiquated,” “obsolete” and “anachronistic” and as such Prime Minister Gonsalves said, “It is a work in progress; we have to really push for the continued restructuring of West Indies cricket to enhance its democratisation and to make sure that it is sufficiently reflective of the public. This is a public good; that is cricket, which is being run by a private entity.”The Prime Minister said too that CARICOM has received legal opinions on the matter but there is need for continued deliberations.“We have legal opinions and those legal opinions have to be properly filtered. There are two legal opinions, which have come to CARICOM as to how we can move forward,” he added.The Cricket Review Panel was appointed by CARICOM’s Prime Ministerial Committee on Cricket and tasked with the responsibility of assessing the governance structure in West Indies cricket and making recommendations, which could ultimately determine the future of the Board and the sport in the region.