Venezuela analysis: The gains of the Bolivarian Revolution

first_imgThe people of Venezuela are currently taking steps to deepen the Bolivarian Revolution, and the U.S. ruling class is now scrambling to prevent this.Democratically elected President Nicolás Maduro has called for a National Constituent Assembly in order to defend the gains of the Bolivarian Revolution against an increasingly violent opposition group led by oil scions like Leopoldo López ( and bankers, such as the two from Citibank who recently attacked the Venezuelan ambassador during his recent trip to New York City ( In response, the U.S. State Department, the White House and Marco Rubio have condemned the National Constituent Assembly as illegal and called for more “democracy.”These claims are preposterous, given that the current Venezuelan Constitution provides for such an assembly in Article 347, and given that Venezuela’s electoral process has been deemed the best in the world by none other than former U.S. president Jimmy Carter, who runs an electoral process monitoring center. It’s also deeply hypocritical for any politician in the U.S. to call for more democracy abroad, when the U.S. ruling class practices voter suppression at home and participates in the assassination of democratically elected leaders around the globe.Meanwhile, the U.S. media, particularly the New York Times but even so-called pro-socialist magazines, have continued a shameful legacy of supporting imperialist war efforts by giving exclusive voice to the right-wing opposition in Venezuela. As it did with Iraq before the 2003 invasion, the New York Times has published numerous articles calling for U.S. intervention in Venezuela, and as with Iraq, its reasons for doing so are built on lies.National Assembly could enshrine grass-roots institutionsThere is much to defend in the Bolivarian Revolution. The misinformation campaigns run by U.S. media, however, have been successful in hiding what the Venezuelan masses have gained. The Bolivarian Missions and the Commune Movement are inspiring examples of endeavors to build socialism, and they are under threat.While riots stemming from the wealthiest neighborhoods of Caracas rage in narrow areas, Afro-Venezuelans, Indigenous communities and other members of the most oppressed in Venezuela look forward to the National Constituent Assembly. There they hope to have the opportunity to enshrine the Bolivarian Revolution’s pro-people, pro-poor endeavors in the Constitution.The Missions were first implemented under President Chávez and are managed by workers and citizens. They provide anti-poverty services, free medical clinics for the poor, food and housing subsidies, and support for educational campaigns and Indigenous rights.The Communes, which were first formed in self-defense against the assault of neoliberalism in the late 1980s, are a network of neighborhood councils, self-defense groups and other grass-roots bodies of self-governance and self-determination that were connected and institutionalized at the national level under President Chávez. The communes allow communities and people to decide what their needs are and how they are met.Enshrining these institutions in the constitution would strengthen them against attacks from a right-wing-dominated National Assembly.Role of the U.S. left and VenezuelaThe sharpening of contradictions in the U.S. have eroded the political center here and propelled some people toward new alternatives further to the left. Unfortunately, this explosive movement toward social democratic groups has not yet removed all the chauvinist, pro-U.S. indoctrination of the past.When organizations spread or accept without question the misinformation spread by the U.S. media, they weaken the growing resistance to U.S. imperialism. This is compounded if they set up some sort of litmus test that any revolution abroad or any government under imperialist attack is almost guaranteed to fail. It is the primary role of the U.S. left to stop U.S. imperialism from intervening against other countries and movements, which must organize under difficult, often brutal conditions propagated by imperialist violence and economic sabotage.Back in 2002, mere months after the Chávez government took the first steps toward socialism by redistributing land to peasants and the urban poor, and started using oil revenue to fund social services, democratically elected President Chávez was captured by a narrow, pro-imperialist sector of the top military as the U.S. media cheered.Only through a heroic mass struggle and with support of other sectors of the Venezuelan armed forces were the Venezuelan people able to reverse the U.S.-backed coup — the first successful struggle to do so in Latin American history. Chavistas have not forgotten this lesson, and it is crucial that the U.S. left not forget it either.Today, amid violence and threat of sanctions and knowing well the risks, the Venezuelan people are taking brave steps toward deepening the gains of the revolution. Only recently, during the dry run for the election of representatives to the National Constituent Assembly, armed biker gangs terrorized a polling station in a pro-government neighborhood, killing one person and injuring three others.In the words of Assata Shakur, “It is our duty to love and support one another.” We support the Venezuelan people in their heroic struggle for socialism.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Panelists discuss next steps for American liberalism

first_imgOn Friday, panelists gathered in the Oak Room of South Dining Hall to discuss the future of liberalism, as well as the future of democracy, in an event sponsored by the Potenziani Program in Constitutional Studies, the Constitutional studies minor, the department of Africana studies, and the Notre Dame College Democrats. The panelists included Tim Roemer, former Indiana congressman and former U.S. ambassador to India, Rogers Smith, professor of political science and associate dean for social sciences at the University of Pennsylvania, and Dianne Pinderhughes, chair of Africana studies and professor of political science at Notre Dame.Roemer said American democracy has been in crisis for the past 15 to 20 years because of low government approval ratings, increasing polarization and flaws in the U.S. democracy.“In the last election, 70 percent of the American people thought the country was going in the wrong direction,” Roemer said.“Congressional approval ratings are in the teens, some in the single digits.“Imagine that — 8, 9, 10 percent approval rating. You’re in company with the leader of North Korea and cockroaches when you are at 9 or 10 or 11 percent popularity.”According to Roemer, divides along partisan, socioeconomic and geographical lines have also contributed to a crisis in U.S. democracy. Roemer said Democrats need to imitate Robert Kennedy and unite diverse groups in the working class.“We need to get back to that time of inclusive messaging,” he said of Kennedy.Roemer said he also was concerned about American democracy because the Economist Intelligence Unit “downgraded” the U.S. from its status as a full democracy to that of a flawed democracy.“We are now with Estonia, Chile, South Korea,” he said. “We are not that beacon to the rest of the world for what they all want to be like. So we have work to do.”Smith said liberals must respond to President Donald Trump’s nationalism with their own narrative about American identity.“…[In] this historical moment, and perhaps for decades to come, I think it is still necessary for those who seek to win authority to shape national policies in progressive directions, to build coalitions on shared accounts of national identities and purposes, what I call national stories of peoplehood,” he said.Smith said liberals should try to emulate the abolitionist movement of the Civil War era.“My argument today is that if liberalism is to have a future in the age of Trump, liberals and progressives must explicitly advance a rival vision of American national identity, one first set forth by the antebellum, anti-slavery Constitutionalists,” he said. “This rival vision argues that the nation’s first obligation is to its citizens, but it also insists that the nation exists in order to serve a still higher purpose: the gradual securing over time of the basic rights of the Declaration of Independence for all people, of all colors, everywhere.”Pinderhughes discussed the effects of Trump’s policies on American democracy and African Americans’ relation to liberalism.She said African Americans occupy a “distinctive space” in American politics, with the majority voting for Democratic candidates — though African Americans also critique liberalism.“The fact is, whether political activists, academics or the man in the street, many African Americans point to the presence of racist politics and policies that did not very sufficiently [work] to make a change in their lives, even when the president is a Democrat or the governor is a Democrat,” she said.Pinderhughes said Trump disregards the “rule of law” – laws and policies designed to check the president’s arbitrary power — and will have a long-term impact on American democracy and civil rights. According to Pinderhughes, ignoring the rule of law undercuts the efforts African Americans have made to have their civil and political rights recognized.“If there’s no rule of law for some people, there’s no rule of law for anyone,” she said. “That includes African Americans. So, the assumptions that people have been operating under are being challenged.”Tags: Africana Studies, Donald Trump, Future of liberalism, liberalism, political sciencelast_img read more

Ranieri shrugs off criticism

first_img The new Foxes boss was the surprise choice to replace the sacked Nigel Pearson but his arrival has been met with a lukewarm reception. Former Leicester striker Gary Lineker questioned the move for the Italian while Harry Redknapp has also been critical. Redknapp said he was surprised Ranieri could “walk back into the Premier League” after he was sacked by Greece in November. Ranieri signed a three-year deal last week to make Leicester his ninth job in the last 11 years but will ignore his critics. He said: “I understand but I will work hard to make changes. I respect everybody but now my problem is not Lineker or Redknapp, my focus is on Leicester. “Look, for me work is very important. I love my job, I want to improve all my players, I want to improve everything. “I think it is good when the field speaks – the games, the points we achieve are important. Other things are not important. “Also in Greece I wanted to build something but it’s difficult to build on the sand.” Ranieri was nicknamed the Tinkerman during his four years with Chelsea and guided them to second in the Barclays Premier League in Roman Abramovich’s first season at Stamford Bridge in 2004, before being replaced by Jose Mourinho. And the 63-year-old believes he was ahead of his time now rotation is a common sight at clubs, insisting he will give the Foxes’ youngsters a chance. “Yes. I think everyone now rotates. The Tinkerman was one, now there are a lot of Tinkermen,” he said. “If you know me well, a lot of young players made their debut with me – (Gianfranco) Zola in Naples, John Terry at Chelsea. I’ll look around the academy. “If there is somebody, I pick him and play him. I have no problem. “If you remember I had a couple of centre-backs, one was a Euro and World Cup winner, (Marcel) Desailly and (Frank) Leboeuf, and when I watched John Terry in the second team I picked up on him and I put him in the squad. “If one player is good, he plays.” The Foxes survived last season after winning seven of their final nine games, despite being bottom at Christmas. And Ranieri, who wants up to three new players, believes they can eventually target Europe. He said: “The target is to maintain the team improvement and to build a solid base, to start to approach the Europa fight.” Press Association Claudio Ranieri has brushed off criticism after his shock Leicester appointment.last_img read more

Fishing the North Coast: Rain could put an end to steelhead season

first_imgOther than the Smith and Chetco, all of the coastal rivers are currently running a little high and off color. And with more storms barreling their way towards the North Coast, the end is in sight for the winter steelhead season. The barrage forecasted for the weekend is predicted to turn the coastal rivers into raging muddy messes. And with plenty of snow in the hills still left to melt, it’s likely the rivers won’t clear in time prior to closing for the season. These late-season rain and snow …last_img read more

WarriorsHQ: How Kevin Durant fits into Warriors’ ‘spread the wealth’ offense

first_imgWhen the Warriors are at their best is when they don’t play to a script, Golden State beat writer Mark Medina told Dieter Kurtenbach on this week’s episode of the WarriorsHQ podcast.“It’s not even just, OK, take what the defense gives you, find the open man. I think the Warriors are most dangerous when they’re not running set plays. Steve Kerr, for the most part, because of how talented his guys are, wants them to just be able to react and do their thing and that’s where it becomes the …last_img read more

‘Spend wisely, avoid the debt trap’

first_img14 January 2009In the context of grim market conditions characterised by high inflation and interest rates, as well as record over-indebtedness, the National Credit Regulator is urging South African consumers to think twice before applying for credit.“Consumers are advised to borrow money responsibly and wisely, especially at this time of the year,” NCR senior education and strategy manager Peter Setou said in a statement this week.Setou pointed out that consumers were often desperate for financial assistance at the beginning of the year, and might recklessly take out various forms of credit, which included credit cards, clothing accounts, overdrafts, and long- and short-term loans.“This entails borrowing money without planning how to repay the loan, borrowing money from unscrupulous credit providers, signing loan contracts they do not understand, and eventually finding themselves in worse financial predicaments,” he said.Consumer rightsSetou pointed out that it was paramount that consumers be familiar with their rights as borrowers in order to protect themselves from unscrupulous lenders.The National Credit Act, he said, was aimed at regulating South Africa’s credit granting industry, curbing reckless lending, and ensuring that consumers were protected from harmful business practices by lenders.Key features of the Act are to ensure that interest rates and fees are regulated, and that the advertising and marketing of credit contain prescribed information on the cost of credit.“Compare interest rates and other costs from different providers, always ask and make sure you understand what the total monthly payment, including insurance and all other charges is,” Setou said. “Avoid paying over too many months; it will cost you more in the end.”In addition, a credit provider cannot legally enter into a credit agreement unless the provider has given the consumer a pre-agreement statement and a quotation in the prescribed form, as well as giving the consumer a copy of a document that records their credit agreement.‘Must haves’ vs ‘nice to haves’Setou pointed out that while many consumers received their bonuses and other extra income during the festive season, they did not plan on how to spend their money – ending up spending their extra income on “nice to haves”, instead of “must haves”.He explained that consumers failed to plan for the New Year, for essentials such as school fees, uniforms, rent, transport and electricity, and were left with no money as they had exhausted all their income.The NCR, together with partners like the Department of Trade and Industry, provincial consumer affairs directorates, the Financial Services Board, and the Council for Medical Aid Schemes, have been running awareness campaigns countrywide to educate consumers about their rights and obligations.“We believe that an informed consumer is a protected consumer,” Setou said.SAinfo reporter Would you like to use this article in your publicationor on your website?See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

Ohio Soybean Association to elect five trustees

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The Ohio Soybean Association (OSA) Board of Trustee elections are open in five districts. To be eligible for a district position, you must live in a county in the districts listed below.Districts up for election include:District 3 – Ashland, Ashtabula, Columbiana, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Huron, Lake, Lorain, Mahoning, Medina, Portage, Richland, Summit, TrumbullDistrict 4 – Defiance, Paulding, Van WertDistrict 5 – Allen, Hancock, PutnamDistrict 11 – Clark, Greene, MadisonDistrict 14 – Athens, Fayette, Gallia, Hocking, Jackson, Lawrence, Meigs, Pickaway, Pike,  Ross, Scioto, Vinton, Washington​If interested, contact Kirk Merritt at 614-476-3100 or [email protected] by November 1st, 2017.Elections will take place at the OSA Annual Meeting, held in conjunction with the 2017 Ohio Grain Farmers Symposium on December 19th at the Nationwide & Ohio Farm Bureau 4-H Center in Columbus.last_img read more

Oregon House Wins DOE Award

first_imgA Passivhaus-certified residence in North Plains, Oregon, has won a 2015 Housing Innovation Award from the Department of Energy.The Pumpkin Ridge Passive House, designed by Scott Edwards Architecture and built by Hammer & Hand, is one of a number of preliminary winners that are now in the running for top prizes to be announced in October at the EEBA Excellence in Building Conference & Expo in Denver.The house was featured in a GBA article last December after it won an award from Green Builder magazine, and also was the focus of a blog on framing and air-sealing by GBA senior editor Martin Holladay.In addition to certification from the Passive House Institute U.S., Pumpkin Ridge is a Department of Energy Zero Energy Ready Home, and is an Earth Advantage Platinum home. Exterior walls have two layers of insulationThe 3,050-square-foot house is insulated mostly with cellulose, a total of 15 inches of dense-packed cellulose in the walls and 24 inches of blown-in cellulose in the roof.There are two layers of cellulose in exterior walls, one in the cavities of a 2×6 service wall to the interior, and another 9 1/2 inches of insulation between I-joists on the outside of a layer of plywood sheathing. A second layer of sheathing on the exterior of the I-joists is vapor-permeable Agepan DWD, followed by a rain screen and vertical wood siding.In all, exterior walls have a whole-wall R-value of 51, according to the builder, Hammer & Hand. The roof has an R-value of 86. The carefully air-sealed building was tested at 0.36 air changes per hour at a pressure difference of 50 pascals, well below the Passivhaus limit of 0.6 ach50.Other construction and mechanical details:Heat recovery ventilator: Zehnder Comfoair 350.Heating and cooling: Mitsubishi ducted minisplit.Domestic hot water: Heat pump water heater.Windows: Zola triple-glazed units with a solar heat gain coefficient of 0.50 and a whole-unit U-factor of 0.13.Skylight: Triple-glazed tubular with a U-factor of 0.08Air-sealing: On exterior walls, the air barrier is the plywood sheathing (with taped seams); in the attic, a continuous layer of plywood with all seams and penetrations sealed with SIGA tape. Below the plywood is a service cavity.Foundation: Walls and slab are insulated with 6 inches of expanded polystyrene insulation (R-28.6).Renewables: 10-kW photovoltaic array, which Hammer & Hand hopes will allow net-zero energy operation.Shades: Operable window shades on the lower level of the building exterior block sun during the summer and in the shoulder seasons.last_img read more

CBSE Class 10th 2019 results: Vasant valley on cloud nine

first_imgAfter a remarkable Class 12 results, the students of Vasant Valley School made the principal and teachers proud with the Class 10 CBSE results. Jai Kapoor became the school topper by scoring 492 out of 500 marks.Surprisingly, he did not take any tuition classes, and was active in sports, debate and drama and other co-curricular activities. “I didn’t expect such a great result but all I know is that I was consistent throughout the year. I didn’t burden myself by studying 8 hours per day during the exam time; rather I studied an hour every day,” said an elated Jai.Maths and Sanskrit are his favourite subjects and he scored full marks in them. “I realised that we should always focus on what we like, be it our favorite subjects or career choices, because that’s when we put the requisite hard work in them to succeed,” said Jai.Jai’s mother was bouncing with joy when she came to school to pick up her kids after the school got over to find out that her son was the school topper.Her mother Shivani Kapoor was extremely proud of her son and said: “He attended school each and every day and is passionate about studies from childhood. If I had to punish him for any reason, I’ll ask him to bunk school and he would hate that.” Vasant Valley School principal Rekha Krishnan was extremely proud of the students’ performance and gave credit to the hard work of teachers and mothers apart from the students.”Our school has been performing well and kids are surprising us with better results each year. Contribution from each one and thriving to make a balance between academics and co- curricular activities is what drives a good result,” she said.advertisementlast_img read more

Kirk Cousins Is Not Better Than Joe Montana So Lets Fix Passer

Chad Henne2008-181,95975.555.3-20.3 Cam Newton2011-183,89186.466.1-20.3 RatingsRatings In the original conception of passer rating, an average rating was about 67. In 2018, only one qualified passer (Arizona Cardinals rookie Josh Rosen) fell below that threshold, and even then just barely (his rating was 66.7). But what if the standards for what makes a good or bad performance had evolved as leaguewide numbers changed? does a great job of adjusting for era with its Advanced Passing indices, which are centered on an average of 100 with 15 points representing 1 standard deviation in either direction. But I wanted to rescale the building blocks of passer rating itself to see how today’s passing numbers would translate to a rating if the NFL had simply allowed its rating system to change with the times.To do that, I looked at the distribution of stats in each category that goes into passer rating — completion percentage, yards per attempt, touchdown percentage and interception rate — from the sample originally used to craft the formula back in the early 1970s (qualified passers from 1960 to 1970). Specifically, I figured out the spread of values (relative to the league) that, in a given category, led to the minimum number of points (0), the average number of points (1) and the maximum (2.375). Under the hood, passer rating is built around these ranges; it hands out points on that 0-to-2.375 scale in each category, then sums up the four values, divides by 6 and multiplies by 100. (Hence, 67 is supposed to be average — a 1.0 in four categories, divided by 6, times 100.)For any era, we can rescale what performance “should” lead to a given value in each category to keep the relative leaguewide distribution the same as it was when passer rating was first conceived.2Just like with PFR’s advanced passing stats, I calculated these distributions using qualified passers in rolling three-season periods to avoid a strange spread in one season causing overly volatile results. (To qualify, a passer needed at least 14 attempts per team game.) So while, say, Alex Smith’s 62.5 percent completion rate in 2018 was worth 1.0 point, so was Don Meredith’s 49.5 percent mark from 1962. Do this for every category in every season, and you have a stabilized version of passer rating that no longer spirals uncontrollably upward with each innovation in the passing game.Some ultra-high ratings change less than you might expect under this new method. Rodgers’s single-season record of 122.5 from 2011 tumbles all the way down to … 121.1. (He was very good that year.) But other seemingly immortal ratings, such as Kirk Cousins’s 99.7 mark this season, get knocked down quite a bit — in Cousins’s case, he falls to a much more reasonable 81.5 rating. (Anyone who watched a Vikings game this year would surely argue that this is more appropriate.) Similarly, Ryan Fitzpatrick’s 100.4 mark this season — yes, that is real, look it up — gets heavily penalized in the interception category (his 4.9 percent INT rate was more than double the league average), taking him down to an adjusted rating of 77.4.Moving further down the list, Joe Flacco’s decent-sounding 84.2 classic rating properly falls to a mediocre 62.8 after our adjustment, while the 30.7 rating of WOAT candidate Nathan Peterman becomes an 11.6 — perilously close to the minimum possible rating of 0.0. (If Peterman had thrown enough passes to qualify, that 11.6 rating would have “surpassed” Ryan Leaf’s 19.1 from 1998 as the lowest-rated season since 1950.)All told, the new ratings are once again grounded in a world where an average quarterback scores about 70 — not exactly 67 because the rolling distribution includes multiple seasons for comparison3Causing 2018 performances to score slightly higher on average, since this year was a better passing season than 2017. — and as a result, the numbers make far more intuitive sense at a glance than the ludicrously inflated official ratings of 2018: According to the NFL’s official passer rating system, the most efficient quarterback in NFL history is Green Bay’s Aaron Rodgers, with a lifetime mark of 103.1.1Pro football’s passer rating has a possible range from 0 to 158.3. That makes sense: Rodgers is generally regarded as one of the greatest QBs to ever play the game. But if you scroll further down the list, the results become much harder to explain. In the world of passer rating, Kirk Cousins is better than Joe Montana; Derek Carr and Matt Schaub top Dan Marino; and, after one season, Broadway Sam Darnold is running circles around Broadway Joe Namath.Passer rating is often criticized as Byzantine (have you seen that formula?), incomplete (it does not include data on rushing plays or sacks) and arbitrary (again, have you looked at the formula?). Yet its biggest shortcoming might be the way it is unmoored from changes in the game itself. Passing has never been more efficient than it was this season, in which the league’s average QB posted a rating of 92.9. That is remarkably high considering that a quarterback who posted a rating of 92.9 would have led all qualified passers in 15 separate seasons from 1950 through 1986. Clearly, the scale needs recalibrating. 28J. FlaccoBAL84.262.8 PlayerTeamOldNew 12S. Jurgensen197482.782.927N. Lomax198882.778.1 26J. WinstonTB90.264.9 14R. FitzpatrickTB100.477.4 * Minimum 14 pass attempts per team gameSource: 10K. CousinsMIN99.781.5 Ratings According to the NFL’s official system, there have been 93 qualified quarterback seasons since 1950 with a passer rating of at least 100.0, and nine of those happened in 2018 alone. After our adjustment, though, there have been only 46 such seasons since 1950,4Four QB seasons cracked the 100.0 mark under the new system but didn’t under the classic passer rating. and only one of those happened this year — the 103.3 mark Drew Brees put up with the Saints. It’s still a golden age for passing, as nearly half of those 46 seasons have happened since 2000, but we’ve also filtered out 51 “false 100s” — seasons that cracked 100.0 on the old scale but not the new one — of which 47 have happened since 2000.The result of our passer rating adjustment is a much more reasonable career leaderboard that features qualified quarterbacks from a variety of different eras: Deflating the ratingClassic and adjusted passer ratings for qualified* 2018 NFL quarterbacks 8D. Brees201897.785.423J. Unitas197378.378.9 Ryan Fitzpatrick2005-184,28581.160.2-20.9 5P. RiversLAC105.587.3 12D. PrescottDAL96.979.0 Case Keenum2013-181,84484.561.8-22.6 * Minimum 1,500 career pass attemptsSource: 9A. RodgersGB97.683.0 PlayerTeamOldNew 8J. GoffLAR101.183.3 30B. BortlesJAX79.854.5 7C. WentzPHI102.285.1 32J. AllenBUF67.937.1 2P. MahomesKC113.898.5 22R. TannehillMIA92.768.8 23M. StaffordDET89.968.6 PlayerYears PlayedAttemptsOldNewDiff. 6D. WatsonHOU103.185.3 13T. BradyNE97.778.8 A new all-time passer rating hierarchyCareer classic and adjusted passer ratings for qualified* NFL and AFL quarterbacks, 1950-2018 13L. Dawson197582.982.728F. Ryan197078.078.0 29C. KeenumDEN81.256.2 Jameis Winston2015-181,92287.864.0-23.8 4M. RyanATL108.193.4 6R. Staubach197983.486.721J. Garcia200887.579.6 33J. RosenARI66.735.9 Ratings 4T. Brady201897.687.219C. Pennington201090.179.9 * Minimum 1,500 career pass attemptsSource: 25A. DaltonCIN89.666.1 PlayerLast YearOldNewPlayerLast YearOldNew 1S. Young199996.794.216F. Tarkenton197880.480.7 18E. ManningNYG92.472.3 31S. DarnoldNYJ77.649.7 21M. MariotaTEN92.370.6 5P. Manning201596.587.120M. Ryan201894.979.8 Ratings The biggest beneficiaries of our changes are 1950s-era passers like Otto Graham, who originally rated in the 70s (discarding his eye-popping pre-1950 numbers, which were compiled in the upstart All-America Football Conference) but leaps up into the mid-80s after judging him in comparison with his peers. San Francisco 49ers legend Steve Young also gets a boost relative to other great QBs from history, reclaiming the No. 1 slot that he’d held in real life before Rodgers and friends came along.At the other end of the spectrum, nobody loses more points of career rating than Blake Bortles, who somehow has an 80.6 mark under the classic system but falls to 55.2 with our adjustments. Here are the biggest losers between the old and new QB ratings: 7R. Wilson2018100.485.422B. R’lisberger201894.379.0 9T. Romo201697.185.024D. Fouts198780.278.4 10O. Graham195578.284.725R. Gannon200484.778.4 Marcus Mariota2015-181,60589.467.5-21.9 2A. Rodgers2018103.192.517B. Starr197180.580.7 3R. WilsonSEA110.996.5 14D. Marino199986.481.429B. Jones198278.578.0 15K. Anderson198681.981.230J. Kelly199684.478.0 Blake Bortles2014-182,63280.655.2-25.4 15B. R’lisbergerPIT96.575.7 Who’s been overrated in traditional passer ratings?For qualified* NFL and AFL passers since 1950, the biggest shortfalls between adjusted and classic passer rating 1D. BreesNO115.7103.3 11A. LuckIND98.779.1 3J. Montana199492.390.018P. Rivers201895.680.5 17M. TrubiskyCHI95.473.2 Ryan Tannehill2012-182,91187.067.2-19.8 11K. Warner200993.783.726B. Griese198077.178.3 24N. MullensSF90.866.3 Mark Sanchez2009-182,32073.352.5-20.8 16D. CarrOAK93.974.0 27A. SmithWSH85.764.5 20B. MayfieldCLE93.771.7 Derek Carr2014-182,80088.868.4-20.4 19C. NewtonCAR94.271.7 A change like this wouldn’t fix the rest of passer rating’s deficiencies, and it wouldn’t include all the fancy bells and whistles you’ll find in a metric like ESPN’s Total Quarterback Rating. But passer rating itself has always been a surprisingly decent metric within any self-contained era; the team with the higher passer rating (by any margin) in a game wins about 80 percent of the time. It’s the comparisons across eras that have become distorted as the game has changed over time. But a simple fix tethering modern stats to the standards contained in passer rating’s formula would go a long way toward restoring sanity to the metric you still see in every NFL box score and broadcast. The Blake Bortleses of the world might not like seeing their shiny 80-something ratings get dumped into the 50s, but it’s a change whose time has come.Check out our latest NFL predictions. read more