Schedule of holidays on emitting markets in 2019

first_imgA good season always starts with good preparation, and in order to prepare as well as possible, we bring you a list of holidays and celebrations in the emitting markets in 2019.All Croatian tourism workers will unquestionably agree that the key to further “tourist success” of our country, whether we are talking about extending the season or increasing average earnings from tourism, is adequate investment in the development of tourism infrastructure, content and offer, in order to optimize money ”which, in accordance with all research, is crucial for the choice of destination, ie further positive recommendations of satisfied guests stand out from the Croatian National Tourist Board.In such a context, one of the basic measures to improve all “tourism indicators” is certainly the growth of traffic in the months before and postseason, where publicity can play a significant role, but even greater progress can be made if “general publicity” is accompanied by adequate offers of concrete, cost-effective programs. “In order to help tourism businesses plan such special offers, which can be offered to market partners (tour operators and agents), but also to individual clients, a calendar of public holidays / holidays / school holidays has been developed for 24 major markets for which it is possible prepare programs adapted to the period in which there is potential for travel abroad”They point out from the CNTB and add that the practice of tying holidays and weekends is common in most European countries, while the target group of families with children is particularly motivated to travel during school holidays.The calendar is made in the form of Excel “workbook” – the initial “work folder” brings a summary graphic display of holidays and celebrations in all processed markets, the next “work folder” brings a legend, ie an explanation of the summary graphic view, detailed elaboration for each of the markets.Attachment: Schedule of holidays on emitting markets in 2019And as we know that domestic tourists, ie domestic consumption, are extremely important, especially when we talk about continental tourism, certainly how extended weekends are ideal for short trips and getting to know Croatia. Croats are known for combining holidays with extended weekends, the only question is where they will spend their extended weekend. Tell them a story to spend with you.List of holidays and celebrations in 2019 in Croatia21. 4. Sunday – Easter22. 4. Monday – Easter Monday1. 5. Wednesday – Labor Day20. 6. Thursday – Corpus Christi22. 6. Saturday – Day of anti-fascist struggle25. 6. Tuesday – Statehood Day5. 8. Monday – Victory and Homeland Thanksgiving Day and Croatian Veterans Day15. 8. Thursday – Assumption8. 10. Tuesday – Independence Day1. 11. Friday – All Saints25. 12. Wednesday – Christmas26. 12. Thursday – St. Stephenlast_img read more

Lakers trounce Thunder to cap emotional trade deadline day with 4th straight win

first_img“We’ve been having success because we’ve been competing our tails off, trusting each other, making extra passes,” Walton said. “And we can do that no matter who is playing. That’s more of a mindset and an attitude to have.”After falling behind by 11 points in the first half, the Lakers responded, building a 52-46 lead by halftime.The Thunder shot just 1 for 10 from 3-point range in the third quarter and the Lakers distanced themselves from George & Co., outscoring OKC 31-20 in the period.Five Lakers scored in double figures, including Kyle Kuzma, who led the Lakers’ depleted bench – which previously could count on the production of Clarkson and Nance – with 16 points and nine rebounds.After notching three straight double-doubles, rookie guard Josh Hart finished with 10 points, eight rebounds and five assists. New Lakers guard Isaiah Thomas — what you need to know AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREUCLA alum Kenny Clark signs four-year contract extension with PackersThe triumph capped an emotional day after the Lakers shipped two of their longest-tenured players, Larry Nance Jr. and Jordan Clarkson, to the Cleveland Cavaliers for Isaiah Thomas, Channing Frye and a first-round pick.After being told of the trade, Nance still showed up at the team’s El Segundo headquarters Tuesday morning, where he said goodbye to his teammates following their morning shootaround.“It’s hard, but it was good to see him,” Coach Luke Walton said. “I wished him luck. He’s going home (to Ohio). It’s not easy to come by after you get traded, but I think it shows a lot of maturity and character from him to be there.”By the time players arrived in the locker room late in the afternoon, the lockers belonging to Nance and Clarkson had been cleared out, their nameplates removed.“We have a very young group and a lot of them have never gone through this and had teammates traded,” Walton said. “So, this morning it was pretty quiet in the film room getting ready for this game. We kept engaging them and saying this is part of the business, we’ve got to grow up learning that this is how this league works.” It was eerie.The Lakers have long been understood to be in a rebuild, but the team had also been playing its best basketball in years, winning 11 of 15 games before Thursday’s showdown with the star-laden Thunder.The disruption to Walton’s lineups was bound to affect chemistry and, it seemed, momentum.“Our guys had definitely found a nice groove together,” Walton said, “counting on each other. But, this is part of it. Whether we struggle or not until we figure it out, that’s part of the learning curve too.”For at least one more night, the Lakers stayed ahead of that curve.What happens when Thomas and Frye arrives is anyone’s guess. The two veterans are expected to join the team for Saturday’s game in Dallas. Rookie point guard Lonzo Ball has already been ruled out for that game, which will be his 13th absence since suffering a sprained left MCL the last time the Lakers faced the Mavericks at the American Airlines Center.While the Lakers await their new arrivals, they stayed active on the glass, were aggressive getting to the rim and locked in defensively.“Everybody had something to do with it,” Ingram said. “Everybody is doing their job.”Sure, they caught a break with Westbrook and Anthony both recovering from sprained ankles, but it was impossible to escape the feeling that this was the kind of game Lakers teams of the past few years would have lost.Related Articles Lakers exec Magic Johnson ‘surprised’ by NBA’s $50,000 fine for comments about Giannis Antetokounmpo Newsroom GuidelinesNews TipsContact UsReport an Errorcenter_img Lakers trade Jordan Clarkson, Larry Nance to Cleveland for Isaiah Thomas, Channing Frye and pick PreviousOklahoma City Thunder forward Nick Collison, right, dunks as Los Angeles Lakers forward Corey Brewer defends during the second half of an NBA basketball game Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. The Lakers won 106-81. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Oklahoma City Thunder forward Jerami Grant, below, and Los Angeles Lakers forward Julius Randle go after a loose ball during the second half of an NBA basketball game, Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. The Lakers won 106-81. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Los Angeles Lakers forward Julius Randle, left, shoots as Oklahoma City Thunder forward Paul George defends during the first half of an NBA basketball game Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill) SoundThe gallery will resume insecondsOklahoma City Thunder forward Paul George, right, shoots as Los Angeles Lakers forward Julius Randle defends during the first half of an NBA basketball game, Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Los Angeles Lakers forward Julius Randle, left, elbows Oklahoma City Thunder center Dakari Johnson as he tries to pass during the first half of an NBA basketball game, Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Los Angeles Lakers forward Brandon Ingram, left, passes the ball past Oklahoma City Thunder forward Paul George, center, and center Steven Adams, of New Zealand, during the first half of an NBA basketball game, Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Los Angeles Lakers forward Kyle Kuzma, right, shoots as Oklahoma City Thunder guard Terrance Ferguson, left, and guard Alex Abrines, of Spain, defend during the first half of an NBA basketball game, Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Oklahoma City Thunder forward Paul George, left, shoots as Los Angeles Lakers center Brook Lopez defends during the first half of an NBA basketball game, Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Los Angeles Lakers forward Brandon Ingram, right, shoots as Oklahoma City Thunder center Steven Adams, of New Zealand, defends during the first half of an NBA basketball game Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Lakers forward Brandon Ingram, right, gets to the basket as Oklahoma City Thunder center Steven Adams defends during the first half of Thursday’s game at Staples Center. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Oklahoma City Thunder forward Josh Huestis, right, shoots as Los Angeles Lakers center Brook Lopez defends during the first half of an NBA basketball game, Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Los Angeles Lakers center Brook Lopez, below, shoots as Oklahoma City Thunder guard Alex Abrines, of Spain, defends during the first half of an NBA basketball game Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Oklahoma City Thunder forward Paul George, right, shoots as Los Angeles Lakers forward Julius Randle defends during the first half of an NBA basketball game, Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Oklahoma City Thunder center Dakari Johnson dunks during the first half of an NBA basketball game against the Los Angeles Lakers, Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Los Angeles Lakers forward Brandon Ingram, right, shoots as Oklahoma City Thunder center Steven Adams, of New Zealand, defends during the first half of an NBA basketball game Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Oklahoma City Thunder forward Josh Huestis shoots as Los Angeles Lakers guard Josh Hart defends during the first half of an NBA basketball game Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Los Angeles Lakers forward Julius Randle celebrates after dunking during the second half of an NBA basketball game against the Oklahoma City Thunder, Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. The Lakers won 106-81. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Oklahoma City Thunder forward Jerami Grant, right, shoots as Los Angeles Lakers forward Corey Brewer defends during the second half of an NBA basketball game Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. The Lakers won 106-81. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Los Angeles Lakers center Ivica Zubac dunks during the second half of the team’s NBA basketball game against the Oklahoma City Thunder, Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. The Lakers won 106-81. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Oklahoma City Thunder forward Kyle Singler, left, shoots as Los Angeles Lakers center Ivica Zubac defends during the second half of an NBA basketball game Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. The Lakers won 106-81. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Oklahoma City Thunder guard PJ Dozier, left, shoots as Los Angeles Lakers center Thomas Bryant defends during the second half of an NBA basketball game Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. The Lakers won 106-81. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Los Angeles Lakers forward Julius Randle, right, shoots as Oklahoma City Thunder forward Nick Collison defends during the second half of an NBA basketball game Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. The Lakers won 106-81. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Oklahoma City Thunder forward Paul George, top, grabs a loose ball away from Los Angeles Lakers forward Corey Brewer during the second half of an NBA basketball game Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. The Lakers won 106-81. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Los Angeles Lakers guard Josh Hart, right, passes the ball past Oklahoma City Thunder forward Kyle Singler during the second half of an NBA basketball game Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. The Lakers won 106-81. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Los Angeles Lakers forward Kyle Kuzma, below, and Oklahoma City Thunder forward Nick Collison wait for a rebound during the second half of an NBA basketball game Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. The Lakers won 106-81. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Los Angeles Lakers forward Julius Randle, right, drives past Oklahoma City Thunder forward Nick Collison during the second half of an NBA basketball game, Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. The Lakers won 106-81. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Oklahoma City Thunder forward Nick Collison, right, dunks as Los Angeles Lakers forward Corey Brewer defends during the second half of an NBA basketball game Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. The Lakers won 106-81. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)Oklahoma City Thunder forward Jerami Grant, below, and Los Angeles Lakers forward Julius Randle go after a loose ball during the second half of an NBA basketball game, Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. The Lakers won 106-81. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)NextShow Caption1 of 26Oklahoma City Thunder forward Jerami Grant, below, and Los Angeles Lakers forward Julius Randle go after a loose ball during the second half of an NBA basketball game, Thursday, Feb. 8, 2018, in Los Angeles. The Lakers won 106-81. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)ExpandLOS ANGELES — After the Lakers spent Thursday focusing on the future of the franchise and the successes that inevitably await, the players who remained past the trade deadline served up another reminder that the present doesn’t have to be so terrible.Behind 20 points from Kentavious Caldwell-Pope and 19 from Brandon Ingram, the Lakers took advantage of an Oklahoma City team playing without Russell Westbrook and Carmelo Anthony, blowing out the Thunder 106-81.After clearing the salary cap space they need to sign a superstar (or two), the Lakers put on a show for the very star who is known to be the primary object of their affection: Paul George.The Palmdale native scored a game-high 29 points for the Thunder, but 16 of those came in the first quarter. As the Thunder wilted over the final three periods, George shot just 5 for 15 from the floor. Oram: Lakers double down on belief they can lure free agents by clearing cap space Lakers’ Magic Johnson finds notion of a Luol Deng trade hilarious last_img read more

The Social Library: How Public Libraries Are Using Social Media

first_imgIt’ll be fascinating to track how libraries continue to bring the Social Web to their organizations. I haven’t even touched on the increasing prevalence of e-books inside libraries – another trend that potentially creates a more social experience for library patrons (for example, with social book highlights).How about you, do you still go to your local library? If so, I’d love to hear your thoughts on how Web technologies are being deployed by your public library. Guide to Performing Bulk Email Verification So what are libraries using Facebook for and what does “building trusted relationships with users” mean? The ALA report elaborated:“Social networking is used to publicize library events such as gaming nights; to alert users to additions to collections; to provide links to articles, videos, or Web content that might prove relevant or helpful to patrons; and to provide a conduit for community information. Social media also play an important role in fostering relationships with the community by allowing patrons to ask questions or provide feedback about library services.”This is precisely how my own local library, Wellington Library, uses Facebook. It’s on a raft of other social media platforms too – including Twitter, YouTube and Flickr. Wellington Library even updates its Facebook page using IFTTT, a syndication service beloved by Web geeks. The Dos and Don’ts of Brand Awareness Videos Like many of you, I’m connected to the Internet virtually every waking hour of my day – via computer, tablet and mobile phone. Yet I still regularly visit my local public library, in order to borrow books, CDs and DVDs. Which made me wonder: are these two worlds disconnected, or is the Social Web being integrated into our public libraries? In this fourth installment in ReadWriteWeb’s Social Books series, I aim to find out!The American Library Association (ALA) released a report earlier this year entitled The 2012 State of America’s Libraries. The report states that “Facebook and Twitter in particular have proven themselves useful tools not only in publicizing the availability of online collections, but also in building trusted relationships with users.”According to a survey conducted by the South Carolina State Library, 88% of respondents (all library workers) claimed to use Facebook in their work. Twitter was second most popular, at 46.8%. Related Posts In June, LibraryThing for Libraries had 800,000 “professionally vetted reviews.” While library users could just go and get reviews and recommendations from Amazon or Goodreads, it does seem useful to have them integrated into a library’s catalog.In a discussion in Branch, Portland librarian Justin Hoenke called LibraryThing “the ultimate social reading tool for libraries.” Although Sarah Houghton, Director of the San Rafael Public Library in California, cast some doubt on whether library patrons use the reviews regularly.Reimagining The Library BookSome libraries are experimenting not just with socializing the library catalog, but the reading process itself. New York Public Library has released an interactive website called Candide 2.0, a community annotated version of Voltaire’s 1759 book called Candide. The NYPL version is described as an “experiment in public reading and communal annotation.”center_img Enhanced Catalogs & Mobile AppsBut there’s more that libraries can do to create a social experience for their patrons, other than being active on Facebook. LibraryThing for Libraries is a set of services offered by the company LibraryThing. It features catalog enhancements (such as user-generated book reviews and recommendations) and a customizable mobile app called Library Anywhere. richard macmanus Facebook is Becoming Less Personal and More Pro… Tags:#social networks#Social Web#web A Comprehensive Guide to a Content Auditlast_img read more

Cinema 4D Tutorial: Street Lamp

first_imgIn this exclusive Cinema 4D video tutorial you’ll learn how to model a realistic street lamp from scratch.Creating a 3D city scene or modeling industrial objects? The fundamentals in this video tutorial will prepare you for modeling a variety of hard surface, odd shaped objects in Cinema 4D.Following along with the free Cinema 4D file:[maxbutton id=”24″]In this tutorial I’ll demonstrate how to use the tools within C4D – no outside plugins or models required – to generate a realistic, to-scale model of a street lamp. The street lamp in this tutorial has many of the trademarks of a realistic light including bolts, street sign attachments, and of course, a lamp/bulb.The tutorial includes lots of little tips and workflow tricks for product/object modeling. We’d love to hear your thoughts or Cinema 4D questions in the comments below!last_img read more

New Zealand clinch series by thrashing Sri Lanka by 423 runs in 2nd Test

first_imgNew Zealand needed only 14 balls to crush Sri Lanka by 423 runs in the second Test on Sunday to clinch the two-match series 1-0 and claim a historic fourth straight series win.Sri Lanka began the final day on 231-6 but was effectively seven wickets down because key man Angelo Mathews, who retired hurt on 22 on Saturday with a hamstring strain, was unable to bat.Trent Boult bowled Suranga Lakmal (18) with the third ball of the day, Neil Wagner had Dilruwan Perera (22) caught off the second ball of the next over and Boult returned to trap Dushmantha Chameera (3) lbw in the third over.Wagner finished with 4-48 as Sri Lanka ended on 236-9. Boult took 3-77 to complete match figures of 9-107 after his 6-30 in the first innings.The home team won despite having been dismissed for 178 in the first innings, that total made competitive by lower-order batsman Tim Southee’s 68. Southee was named player of the match.Boult then achieved career-best figures as New Zealand bowled out Sri Lanka for 104.The hosts amassed 585-4 declared in the second innings with Tom Latham making 176, Henry Nicholls 162 not out and Colin De Grandhomme 71 not out, including the fastest test 50 by a New Zealander.New Zealand’s series victory came after previous triumphs against Pakistan, England and the West Indies.”It’s a fantastic achievement,” captain Kane Williamson said. “We wanted to play a little bit better to penetrate that fighting quality the Sri Lankans showed in the previous game. We were able to do that and come away with the win which was a great team effort, and in amongst that were some great individual contributions.”advertisementNew Zealand’s recent successes are due in large part to the excellent batting form of Latham, Nicholls and Williamson.”Both those guys, along with everyone else at some time, have been contributing brilliantly,” Williamson said.Sri Lanka had hoped to take some positives out of the series ahead of five one-day matches against New Zealand and tough test assignments against Australia and South Africa.”It’s disappointing,” captain Dinesh Chandimal said. “The way we batted in the first innings in both test matches was not good.”But I’m really happy with the way we played in the second innings. We fought hard as a team and that’s a plus point for us. But we have to learn how to get a good start, especially in the first innings.”Also Read | Sir Alastair Cook: Former England captain knighted in Queen’s New Year Honours listAlso Read | Trent Boult takes 6 wickets in 15 balls to clean up Sri Lanka innings in 2nd TestAlso See:last_img read more

Photos: Texas A&M’s Kyle Field Now Has Grass

first_imgview of Texas A&M's Kyle Field.@12thManFor much of the offseason, the playing surface at Texas A&M’s Kyle Field has looked more like a parking lot than it has a football field. With the Aggies’ renovating their stadium, Kyle Field has been without grass for months. The grass is back. Texas A&M has been installing its playing surface at Kyle Field over the last day or so. It looks great. Real spot! The NEW Kyle Field!! #12thman #GigEm pic.twitter.com/d8OIn7sOyQ— Jeff Banks (@jbsttamu) July 29, 2015West side almost done #kylefield pic.twitter.com/kNNkm2yMF8— Mendl (@CzechMendl) July 31, 2015Took a tour of Kyle Field at Texas A&M this morning. Impressive stuff. Largest SEC stadium. pic.twitter.com/GDOstRYXn1— Jarom Jordan (@jaromjordan) July 31, 2015 @12thMan@12thManLooking good, Aggies. Texas A&M’s first home game is set to take place Sept. 12 against Ball State.last_img read more

ESPN’s Mike Golic Will Attempt To Eat 36 Mini-Doughnuts In 1 Hour Tomorrow

first_imgESPN's Mike Golic.NEW YORK, NY – SEPTEMBER 12: Sports media personality Mike Golic attends the Annual Charity Day hosted by Cantor Fitzgerald, BGC and GFI at Cantor Fitzgerald on September 12, 2016 in New York City. (Photo by Noam Galai/Getty Images for Cantor Fitzgerald)ESPN radio host Mike Golic will attempt an interesting feat Thursday morning. Golic, in response to a bet from Jon “Stugotz” Weiner over at The Dan Le Batard Show, will try to eat 36 mini-doughnuts in an hour, live on-air during Mike & Mike. Stugotz accomplished the feat in a three-hour time period last week, but had a rough time in the process. Tomorrow, @espngolic will attempt to eat 36 powdered mini donuts in ONE HOUR! Retweet if you think he will do it. https://t.co/x9qtyV0uaC— Mike & Mike (@MikeAndMike) November 11, 2015Wondering just how big these doughnuts are? Here’s a shot of Stugotz’ plate before he started chowing down.Happy Thursday from the @LeBatardShow!!! pic.twitter.com/KMf6a53O2F— Charlie Hulme (@charlie_hulme) November 5, 2015The stakes? Should Golic finish the doughnuts in an hour, Stugotz will have to shave his head. If Golic cannot get through them, he’ll have to do something on the Le Batard Show’s “Grid Of Death.”Will he pull it off? We’ll find out tomorrow morning.last_img read more

Jim Harbaugh’s Michigan Jordan Coaches’ Hat Revealed

first_imgJim Harbaugh speaks as he is introduced as the new Head Coach of the University of Michigan football team.ANN ARBOR, MI – DECEMBER 30: Jim Harbaugh speaks as he is introduced as the new Head Coach of the University of Michigan football team at the Junge Family Champions Center on December 30, 2014 in Ann Arbor, Michigan. (Photo by Gregory Shamus/Getty Images)Jim Harbaugh’s new coaching hat has been revealed.Alejandro Zuniga of MaizenBrew posted a photo on Twitter today of the Michigan head coach’s new Air Jordan hat that he will wear on the sideline.Here it is:Jim Harbaugh’s hat for the 2016-17 football season: pic.twitter.com/DVibrXctVX— Alejandro Zúñiga (@ByAZuniga) July 29, 2016Harbaugh’s coaching shirt (which he designed) was revealed earlier this month. This (but in blue and w/ a thin M) is Jim Harbaugh’s new coaching shirt. He designed it. pic.twitter.com/8ID6UFE44K— Nick Baumgardner (@nickbaumgardner) July 20, 2016Michigan officially becomes a Nike school on Aug. 1. The Wolverines signed a $173 million contract with The Swoosh that will run through 2027.As part of the deal, the Wolverines’ football team will be outfitted by Nike’s Jordan brand. All of the football gear – including the uniforms – will have the Jumpman logo.The football jerseys are set to be unveiled at a special ceremony in Detroit on Tuesday.last_img read more

How Facebook likes could profile voters for manipulation

first_imgNEW YORK, N.Y. – Facebook “likes” can tell a lot about a person. Maybe even enough to fuel a voter-manipulation effort like the one a Trump-affiliated data-mining firm stands accused of — and which Facebook may have enabled.The social network is under fire after The New York Times and The Guardian newspaper reported that former Trump campaign consultant Cambridge Analytica used data, including user likes, inappropriately obtained from roughly 50 million Facebook users to try to influence elections.Monday was a wild roller coaster ride for Facebook, whose shares plunged 7 per cent in its worst one-day decline since 2014. Officials in the EU and the U.S. sought answers, while Britain’s information commissioner said she will seek a warrant to access Cambridge Analytica’s servers because the British firm had been “unco-operative” in her investigation. The first casualty of that investigation was an audit of Cambridge that Facebook had announced earlier in the day; the company said it “stood down” that effort at the request of British officials.Adding to the turmoil, the New York Times reported that Facebook security chief Alex Stamos will step down by August following clashes over how aggressively Facebook should address its role in spreading disinformation. In a tweet , Stamos said he’s still fully engaged at Facebook but that his role has changed.It would have been quieter had Facebook likes not turned out to be so revealing. Researchers in a 2013 study found that likes on hobbies, interests and other attributes can predict personal attributes such as sexual orientation and political affiliation. Computers analyze such data to look for patterns that might not be obvious, such as a link between a preference for curly fries and higher intelligence.Chris Wylie, a Cambridge co-founder who left in 2014, said the firm used such techniques to learn about individuals and create an information cocoon to change their perceptions. In doing so, he said, the firm “took fake news to the next level.”“This is based on an idea called ‘informational dominance,’ which is the idea that if you can capture every channel of information around a person and then inject content around them, you can change their perception of what’s actually happening,” Wylie said Monday on NBC’s “Today.” It’s not yet clear exactly how the firm might have attempted to do that.Late Friday, Facebook said Cambridge improperly obtained information from 270,000 people who downloaded an app described as a personality test. Those people agreed to share data with the app for research — not for political targeting. And the data included who their Facebook friends were and what they liked — even though those friends hadn’t downloaded the app or given explicit consent.Cambridge got limited information on the friends, but machines can use detailed answers from smaller groups to make good inferences on the rest, said Kenneth Sanford of the data science company Dataiku.Cambridge was backed by the conservative billionaire Richard Mercer, and at one point employed Stephen Bannon — later President Donald Trump’s campaign chairman and White House adviser — as a vice-president. The Trump campaign paid Cambridge roughly $6 million according to federal election records, although officials have more recently played down that work.The type of data mining reportedly used by Cambridge Analytica is fairly common, but is typically used to sell diapers and other products. Netflix, for instance, provides individualized recommendations based on how a person’s viewing behaviours fit with what other customers watch.But that common technique can take on an ominous cast if it’s connected to possible elections meddling, said Robert Ricci, a marketing director at Blue Fountain Media.Wylie said Cambridge Analytica aimed to “explore mental vulnerabilities of people.” He said the firm “works on creating a web of disinformation online so people start going down the rabbit hole of clicking on blogs, websites etc. that make them think things are happening that may not be.”Wylie told “Today” that while political ads are also targeted at specific voters, the Cambridge effort aimed to make sure people wouldn’t know they were getting messages aimed at influencing their views.The Trump campaign has denied using Cambridge’s data. The firm itself denies wrongdoing, and says it didn’t retain any of the data pulled from Facebook and didn’t use it in its 2016 campaign work.Yet Cambridge boasted of its work after another client, Texas Republican Sen. Ted Cruz, won the Iowa caucus in 2016.Cambridge helped differentiate Cruz from similarly minded Republican rivals by identifying automated red light cameras as an issue of importance to residents upset with government intrusion. Potential voters living near the red light cameras were sent direct messages saying Cruz was against their use.Even on mainstay issues such as gun rights, Cambridge CEO Alexander Nix said at the time, the firm used personality types to tailor its messages. For voters who care about tradition, it could push the importance of making sure grandfathers can offer family shooting lessons. For someone identified as introverted, a pitch might have described keeping guns for protection against crime.It’s possible that Cambridge tapped other data sources, including what Cruz’s campaign app collected. Nix said during the Cruz campaign that it had five or six sources of data on each voter.Facebook declined to provide officials for interview and didn’t immediately respond to requests for information beyond its statements Friday and Monday. Cambridge also didn’t immediately respond to emailed questions.Facebook makes it easy for advertisers to target users based on nuanced information about them. Facebook’s mapping of the “social graph” — essentially the web of people’s real-life connections — is also invaluable for marketers.For example, researchers can look at people’s clusters of friends and get good insight as to who is important and influential, said Jonathan Albright, research director at the Tow Center for Digital Journalism at Columbia University. People who bridge different friend networks, for example, can have more influence when they post something, making them prime for targeting.Two-thirds of Americans get at least some of their news on social media, according on Pew Research Center. While people don’t exist in a Facebook-only vacuum, it is possible that bogus information users saw on the site could later be reinforced by the “rabbit hole” of clicks and conspiracy sites on the broader internet, as Wylie described.___An earlier version of this story incorrectly stated the sum paid by the 2016 Trump campaign to Cambridge Analytica. It was $5.9 million according to federal election records.AP technology reporter Ryan Nakashima contributed to this report from Menlo Park, California.last_img read more