June 24, 2004 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Government unveils bill to step up control of independent press Zimbabwean journalist Hopewell Chin’ono denied bail Zimbabwean court must free imprisoned journalist who is unwell Organisation News November 12, 2020 Find out more The 2020 pandemic has challenged press freedom in Africa Help by sharing this information News Receive email alerts Follow the news on Zimbabwe Reports ZimbabweAfrica November 27, 2020 Find out more News to go further RSF_en A bill to amend the March 2002 law on access to information and protection of privacy, announced by the Zimbabwean government on 18 June, will reinforce control over an already debilitated independent press, Reporters Without Borders protested today.”What happened to the Daily News and, more recently, The Tribune clearly show that the access to information law is a tool used by President Robert Mugabe’s government to censor the privately-owned media and silence all dissenting voices,” the organization said. “This new amendment will just give the courts additional powers to harass and punish.”Section 83 of the 2002 law bans journalists from working unless they previously obtain a renewable 12-month accreditation from the government’s Media and Information Commission (MIC). Under the proposed amendment, any breach of this section will be punishable by up to two years in prison.”This will confirm Zimbabwe’s status as southern Africa’s worst violator of press freedom,” Reporters Without Borders said, calling on the authorities to abandon a bill that will mean that “journalists can be imprisoned for just doing their job.”The unveiling of the bill comes on the heels of an MIC order on 10 June closing The Tribune for a year, in response to which The Tribune owner Kindness Paraza announced that he intended to continue to bring the newspaper out in defiance of the order.Around 100 journalist have had their accreditation withdrawn in the past two years. Dissuading them from continuing to work without accreditation is clearly one of the aims of the new amendment. It is scheduled to be submitted within a few weeks to a parliament that consists mainly of members of the ruling Zanu PF party. ZimbabweAfrica September 1, 2020 Find out more
Wild bergamot grows naturally in meadows, sunny dry woods and on roadside banks. Youcan plant it in open places that don’t get a lot of tending. It doesn’t need much water,but it does tend to get a powdery mildew on the leaves when it’s drought-stressed.In late spring and early summer, the bergamot in my garden provides nectar for asilverspot skipper, hunter’s butterflies and a buzzing assortment of bees.Of all the showy monarda cultivars and hybrids on the market today, I still like wildbergamot the best, perhaps for sentimental reasons. It’s a flower of my childhood, and Ifirst knew it as bee balm.Another good wild mint similar to the monardas but with four or five flower headsstacked along the stem is Blephilia ciliata.White horse mint or mountain mint (Pycnanthemum incanum) is a good companionplant to wild bergamot. It’s about the same height as monarda, with similar form.The horse mint has a unique appearance. The upper leaves near the flowers are ash gray.They look like they’ve been sprinkled with white dust. At a distance, the whitish leavesthemselves look almost like flowers. The leaves have a pungent, minty smell, too, whencrushed.The individual horse mint flowers don’t look like much. But don’t be deceived. It’s awonderful insect plant. The clusters of tiny white or creamy flowers are attractive to anarray of brightly colored flies, bees and wasps. Butterflies like it, too, especially thetiger swallowtail.Both the bergamot and the horse mint make tough roadside plants. They’re best adaptedto the mountains and piedmont but will grow farther south if transplanted.The third wild flower in this trio is passionflower (Passiflora incarnata).It’s a viny plant with tendrils and a large, exotic, almost weird flower about threeinches across.It climbs up over other vegetation. The leaves always look rich, dark green andwell-watered in even the driest weather.The soft, hollow passionflower fruit about the size of a lemon is called the maypop. Itwill pop if you squeeze it in your hand. The pulp surrounding the seeds inside is edibleand has a sour taste somewhat like a lemon.The passionflower or maypop is the main food plant of the gulf fritillary caterpillar.This fritillary is a beautiful, medium-sized butterfly, orange with silver spots on theunderside of the hind wings. The variegated fritillary also feeds on passionflower.Passionflower can thrive even in a tilled garden if you don’t till too deep. Each yearit grows up from its deep underground stems. We let it grow among the potatoes and melons,and it climbs the bean fence.All three of these interesting native wild flowers are resistant to deer browsing, abig advantage these days. To transplant them, wait until fall when the upper parts havedied. Flag the spot. Then dig up the roots. Wild Bergamot, also known as bee balm. Photo courtesy Michigan State University Extension– high-res image unavailable. >If you include native wild flowers in your garden and want tough native perennials toattract butterflies and other insects, here are three midsummer bloomers that need littlecare and fend for themselves against the three D’s: deer, drought and disease.Wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa) is the first. It grows 2 to 4 feet tall,with an open flower head which is a cluster of small tubular flowers.The flowers are an understated lavender or lilac, sometimes with a touch of pink. Theflower heads have a spicy, pungent odor that persists even in the dried seed heads.